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First, note that Kelvin is typically not expressed in degree(s), just Temperature Kelvin

(e.g., 50 K for 50 kelvin). ***(note2 at bottom, about kelvin vs degree kelvin)

Kelvin is a temperature scale based upon 0K being absolute zero*(note1 at bottom), which is currently the lowest possible temperature. This is not possible to actually achieve, but it can be determined as the point at which a 'perfect' (ideal gas) gas would have zero pressure and volume as it contracts on cooling. As most gases behave very much like a perfect gas and the deviation of real gases is well understood, this allows us to calculate the exact temperature at which this would happen. That temperature is zero Kelvin.

For the ideal gas this is the point at which the molecules (assumed to be perfect non-interacting mathematical points) stop all motion. So the pressure (which is caused by the gas molecules bouncing off the container walls) is zero. At this point also, the gas has zero kinetic energy.

(In reality quantum mechanics shows that particles must have a certain amount of energy even at zero Kelvin. This is termed the 'zero point' energy, and is manifest in a tiny amount of vibrational energy. So in reality there is residual motion in a gas at absolute zero, but this cannot exert any pressure as that would involve removing the residual energy which cannot happen. So in quantum terms it is the point at which no mechanical energy can be extracted from the system.)

The Kelvin scale is named for British mathematician and physicist William Thompson, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824-1907), who did much to unify the modern field of Physics.

Equivalent Temperatures in Other Temperature Scales

-273.16° Celsius

-459.67° Fahrenheit

0° Rankine**

-218° Réaumur

*Note1 - The Kelvin scale is indeed based upon the triple point of water, being assigned to 273.16 K; this point is beyond the scope of this discussion, however.

**Kelvin and Rankine are both based upon 0 as absolute zero, however Kelvin uses the interval of 1 K is equal to 1° Celsius, and Rankine uses the interval of 1° Rankine is equal to 1° Fahrenheit.

***Note2 - The accepted SI unit for temperature is K, not, degree(s) K. In scientific papers you will typically only find K, though it is still colloquially accepted to use degree Kelvin when you mean Kelvin.

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โˆ™ 2010-03-28 00:45:07
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Q: What is zero degrees Kelvin?
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What is the kelvin scale is base on?

Kelvin degrees are the same as Celsius degrees. Zero Kelvin is absolute zero.


Zero degrees is Celsius is colder or zero degrees Kelvin?

Zero degrees Celsius is about the same as 273 Kelvin. Zero degrees Kelvin is a temperature that has yet to be reached in the lab, or anywhere in the known universe because at zero Kelvin mass ceases to have volume. 0 Kelvin, although only theoretical, is the lowest temperature possible, therefore zero Kelvin is much, much colder.


What is the absolute zero of kelvin?

-273 degrees kelvin is absolute zero


Why is the Kelvin scale not expressed in degrees like the Celsius scale?

It actually is; e.g. "absolute zero is at zero degrees Kelvin".


What happens to water at a temperature of 273 kelvin?

Water freezes at 273 degrees Kelvin. This is based on a scale where zero degrees Kelvin is known as absolute zero.


What is the temperature of absolute zero on the Kelvin and Celsius scales?

On the Kelvin scale, absolute zero is 0 degrees Kelvin. On the Celsius scale, absolute zero is −273.15 degrees Celsius.


What temperature is zero degrees Kelvin in centigrade?

0 kelvin = -273.15 degrees Celsius


How many degrees celsius in zero kelvin?

0 Kelvin is -273.15 degrees Celsius.


Zero degrees Fahrenheit equals how many degrees kelvin?

0 degrees Fahrenheit = 255.37 kelvin.


What is the tempertaure in absolute zero?

zero degrees Kelvin


Is absolute zero is equal to -273 degrees on the Kelvin scale?

No, absolute zero on the Kelvin scale is 0 K. In celsius, absolute zero is -273 degrees.


Who found out absolute zero?

Kelvin, that's why on the Kelvin temperature scale absolute zero is 0 Kelvin and 0 degrees centigrade is 273 Kelvin.


What is the temperature of absoulute zero?

Absloute zero is minus 273 degrees Celsius or zero degrees Kelvin.


What is zero degrees Celsius in kelvin?

0°C is 273.15 Kelvin.


What is zero degrees in Kelvin?

0 kelvin = -459.67 degree Fahrenheit


What is the temp at absolute zero?

Zero degrees Kelvin; -273 degrees Celsius; and -459.4 degrees Fahrenheit


Is zero degrees Kelvin absolute temperature?

It is absolute zero.


What is the connection between absolute zero and the kelvin temperature scale?

Kelvin is the temperature in degrees Celsius above absolute zero. So 25 Kelvin is 25 degrees Celsius above absolute zero.


What is zero degrees Celsius in degrees Kelvin?

273 K


What is zero on the Kelvin scale?

It is Absolute Zero. On the Kelvin scale there are no negative numbers...so therefore absolute zero on the kelvin scale is zero. All we might add is that absolute zero is --273.15 degrees C.


What is the zero on the Kelvin scale?

It is Absolute Zero. On the Kelvin scale there are no negative numbers...so therefore absolute zero on the kelvin scale is zero. All we might add is that absolute zero is --273.15 degrees C.


What is 162 Kelvin below zero equal to in degrees Fahrenheit?

Kelvin starts at absolute zero. There are no negative Kelvin numbers. 162 K = -168.1F


Is one celsius five-ninths of one kelvin?

No - 1 Celsius is 274 Kelvin. Zero degrees Kelvin (absolute zero) is -273 C


Is absolute zero measured in kelvins?

Yes, absolute zero is zero degrees Kelvin.


If the absolute temperature of a gas is 600k what is the temperature in degrees Celsius?

600 Kelvin is 326.85 degrees Celsius. To convert Kelvin temperatures to Celsius degrees, subtract 273.15 from the Kelvin. The Kelvin temperature scale has its zero point at absolute zero, -273.15 °C.

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