What kind of government did Iran have before 1979?
Iran was an Absolute Monarchy ruled by the Shah (King). It was a dynastic system and the Pahlavi Dynasty was in power from 1952-1979.
Iranian Government is a constitutional republic within an islamic shiite system, allowing a religious supervision of some kind. Since Islam, different from Western Democraties, does not seperate religion and state but puts rules of the Quran, the Hadid etc before the government rule, the western thinking of a government can not be applied as is.
An absolute monarchy, which was a parliamentary democracy for a relatively brief time during its history, whose ruler was called a Shah and the last dynasty of the empire was the Pahlavi. The name Persian empire was changed to Iran during the 20th century.The Empire became an Islamic Republic after the 1979 Islamic Revolution.
Iran is an Islamic Republic - Explained Iran is currently ruled by an "Islamic Republic" it has the basic structure of a republician government - like the US or France - but with many powers reserved for the "Supreme Leader" who is the ultimate authority on many matters - almost but not quite a religious dictator. There is a Parliament of elected MP's (like the lower house in other systems) but instead of a Senate…