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What kind of government does the United Kingdom have?


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Answered 2017-02-09 22:40:59

The United Kingdom consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

The United Kingdom has a Constitutional Monarchy and a parliamentary democracy

We do not have a president, the leader of our government is called the Prime Minister. This is because we have a monarchy still in existence here and the queen acts as head of state, however this role is really only ceremonial and the queen has no real power (other than the fact that the army swears allegiance to the throne). The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the party which won the most recent general election. To win an election outright in Britain, your party needs to have more elected M.P.s than all other parties. M.P.s are members of parliament who work to represent the views of a constituency in parliament. There is an election in the U.K. at least once every five years. The Prime Minister can choose to hold an election before the end of his/her term in office.

Unlike in America, there is no limit as to how many terms you can serve as U.K. Prime Minister. All citizens of 18 years and over are entitled to a vote in all election (unless they are in prison). These are always carried out in an appropriate manner so that people will have confidence in the outcome of the election. Our country has had this form of government for about 400 years.

Constitutional monarchy. Parliamentary Democracy.

We (the British) have not always had a democratic form of government, voted for by the people. The concept of Parliament has been a fairly recent idea. The government rules Britain (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland), not just England. The government sits in parliament in London. We do not have a president, the leader of our government is called the Prime Minister. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland also have devolved governments which direct some of their internal affairs.

In Britain there are three main parties, The Conservatives (right wing beliefs), Labour (left wing beliefs) and the Liberal Democrats (a center party). The two parties not in power at any given time attend parliament in opposition to the government and question the actions the government takes. This is to ensure that the government always acts in the interest of the people in a lawful manner.

Our country has had this form of government for about 400 years, however if you look back further than 100 years you will find that not everybody was always entitled to a vote. Indeed full women's suffrage only happened in 1928.

The U.K. has a system of Government that is properly referred to as a 'Constitutional Monarchy' and may also be referred to as a 'Parliamentary Democracy'.

This system of Government is also largely in use throughout the Commonwealth, and exclusively in the Commonwealth Realms. (Canada, New Zealand, Australia, etc). A Constitutional Monarchy (in the Westminster Style) can be broken down in to three parts; The Sovereign, The Upper Chamber/House and the Lower Chamber/House. In the U.K., this refers to Her Majesty The Queen, The House of Lords and The House of Commons. Conversely in Canada, this refers to Her Majesty The Queen, The Senate and The House of Commons.

A Constitutional Monarch has been defined as a King or Queen that Reigns, but does not govern. This is something of a misleading statement as Her Majesty does in fact still retain some FAR reaching Royal Prerogative powers, but these are exercised by members of the government.

Parliamentary Monarchy. The Queen is the head of state, but the Prime Minister and Government run the country. England has no government. The executive decisions regarding England are taken by the UK government.

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