What language is Latin derived from?

Latin is derived from a language known as Proto-Italic, which gave rise to Latin and other extinct languages once spoken in Italy such as Oscan, Umbrian and Faliscan. Proto-Italic, in its turn, was one of the offspring of Proto-Indo-European, the ancestor of most of the modern-day European languages along with languages of western and southern Asia such as Kurdish, Farsi, Pashto and Hindi.

Proto-Italic and Proto-Indo-European were never recorded, but are known by historical inference from their attested daughter languages.