Human Anatomy and Physiology

What layer of the skin produces the cells that forms the nail?

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2013-09-11 10:54:07
2013-09-11 10:54:07

It is the matrix in the nailbed is responsible in making the cells to form the nail plate.

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The width and thickness of the nail is determined by the size, length, and thickness of the matrix, while the shape of the fingertip itself determines if the nail plate is either flat, arched or hooked. (Matrix- is where the nail forms and is responsible for the production of the cells that become the nail.)


The nail matrix forms the nail and lies beneath the lunule.


When rust forms on a nail the dark brown colour is the characteristics of rusting.


The nail acts as the epidermal layer of the skin on your finger tip. Directly under the nail is the dermis layer, full of blood vessels and nerves.


• Cell mitosis takes place at the matrix.• New cells pushed forward by constant cell reproduction.• Cells undergo hardening/keratinisation.• Growing nail is guided along nail grooves/side wall.• Free edge forms at the distal part of finger.


The nail plate is produced by living skin cells ( specialized epithelial cells)


From basal layer. This layer is called as stratum basale.



No because while your filing your nail polish off, your damaging the top layer of your nail


The nail itself is dead, but the follicle that produces it is still alive.



oxygen, the air around us, it 'oxidises' so forms a layer of iron oxide or 'rust' , and im only 16!! ahaa


Abiotic means without life and these are made of dead cells growing from a nail bed of living cells.


Salt water does make nails rust faster than non-salted water, because when salt is added to water, it will rust the top layer of the nail, and then make the nail basically shed its top layer. Then the salt will rust that layer, and this process continues until the whole nail is rusted. Normal water can only really rust the top layer, and can't get to the rest of the nail.


Either use a nail polish remover, or if you smudge it on your actual nail, you can paint right over it. But, don't forget to do a second layer! :)


Living skin cells in the finger are what produced fingernails. A fingernail is made of several parts. The nail plate, the nail bed, the cuticle, the nail folds, the lunula, and the matrix are all parts of the fingernail. Nails grow from the matrix and are composed of keratin. When new cells grow, the older cells are pushed out.



When the iron in a nail combines with oxygen it forms iron oxide. We call this rust.


Because the cells in the nail are dead so its more painful


An iron nail becoming rusty is a chemical change. 4Fe + 3O2 produces 2Fe2O3


Nail-patella syndrome, is a genetic disease of the connective tissue that produces defects in the fingernails, knee caps, and kidneys.



due to increase dead cells


because the rust adds an extra layer thusfore a bigger mass.



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