What memories does the giver hold back from Jonas?
the painful ones
Jonas is important in this book because he has been chosen to be the receiver and to hold all the painful and sorrowful memories , he is the one to go to so that the community does not make the same mistakes as were made in the past. Without Jonas all the memories would be released into the community and they would suffer greatly like they did ten years back when Rosemary died.
They have given all their memories to the receiver so that they would not experience pain. In those memories, were the colors before they decided on Sameness. Therefore, only the receiver/giver only see colors for they are to hold onto all the memories from generations back and from their present time.
do you mean WHY? if so.... only one member of society at a time (each generation of ten years) receive the painful memories so that the whole community doesn't have to suffer, just one person. that is why a receiver is SELECTED, because they need to have: intelligence, integrity, courage, wisdom, and the capacity to see beyond.
In the book "The Giver" Jonas witnesses his father take and weigh twins. The larger twin is cleaned and sent to be dressed. The other twin, although he is only a tiny bit smaller, is chosen to be released. Jonas is relatively unaware of what will occur. He thinks that his father is giving the infant his shots. His father injects a chemical into the infants fontal. The infant cries very hard and then dies…
The whole idea of a Giver is someone that is kind of required to suffer for the protection of others. In a really creepy way, given, but that's the idea. You hold the "bad" memories and associations for others, without anyone to talk to about them, and you are the only one, so you are indispensable.