What percentage of Americans are government employed?
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, government accounts for about 8% of jobs in the United States. Here's the breakdown using numbers easily accessible on the BLS website (all numbers from 2006 or 2007):
1,774,000 Federal government civilian employees, excluding Post Office
615,000 Post Office
1,172,913 Military enlisted
230,577 Military Officers
2,424,000 State government (excluding education and hospitals)
5,594,000 Local government (excluding education and hospitals)
That's a total of 11,810,490 government jobs.
The total number of jobs in the U.S. in 2006 was 150,600,000, so government employment makes up 7.84% of all jobs.
In 2007, the U.S. population (according to the Census Bureau) was 301,621,157, so about 4% of Americans are employed by the government.
According to a study by Paul C. Light, a government professor at New York University, the Federal Government also employed 14.6 million contractors in 2006. This was an increase of 2.5 million since 2002, and the study attributes the increase directly to contractors hired as part of the war on terror. (reported in the Washington Post)
Alaska in July of 2008: government employed : 77,600 federal government employed : 17,700 state government employed : 24,400 local government employed : 35,500 tribal government employed : 3,800 http://laborstats.Alaska.gov/cgi/databrowsing/localAreaProfileQSMoreResult.asp?viewAll=&viewAllUS=¤tPage=1¤tPageUS=&sortUp=&sortDown=C.EMPCES&criteria=Current+Employment+Statistics+(CES)&categoryType=employment&geogArea=0201000000×eries=Current+Employment+Statistics+(CES)TimeSeries&more=&menuChoice=localAreaPro&printerFriendly=&BackHistory=-4&goTOPageText=
The Federal Government is the single largest employer in the US. As of January 2009, the Federal Government, excluding the Postal Service and soldiers, employed about 2.0 million civilian workers. The US labor force is about 150 million workers, so about 1 worker in 75 works for the Federal Government.
Doctors and surgeons in NHS hospitals are employed ultimately by the government. A general practitioner (local doctor) is theoretically self-employed or employed by the local practice, but all the money for their public work comes from the government. Doctors are very well paid. Some doctors practise commercial medicine in parallel with their public work.