What resolution passed by the US Congress gave President Lyndon Johnson the power to take all necessary steps including the use of armed force in order to defend South Vietnam against Communist forces?
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which was passed by Congress in 1964.
When the The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution or the Southeast Asia Resolution Pub L 88 to 408 was passed what did Congress authorize the President do?
The Tonkin Gulf Resolution stated that Congress approves and supports the determination of the President, as Commander in Chief, to take all necessary measures to repeal any armed attack against the forces of the United States and to prevent any further aggression As a result, President Johnson, and later President Nixon, relied on the resolution as the legal basis for their military policies in Vietnam. As public resistance to the war heightened, the resolution was…
US troops were already in South Vietnam. The Tonkin Gulf Resolution gave the president power to use whatever military force he felt necessary to protect US interests in Southeast Asia. Specifically the resolution gave the president authority to attack North Vietnam (bomb North Vietnam); which he ultimately ended up doing with Operation Rolling Thunder.
In August, 1964, President Johnson reported to the nation that American ships had been attacked by North Vietnam gunboats in the Gulf of Tonkin, in international waters. Congress passed the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution giving the President the power to use whatever force necessary to protect American interests in the area.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964 gave U.S. President Johnson any military force necessary to protect U.S. interests. The "War Powers Resolution" in 1973, which over-rode President Nixon's veto, restricted the President's power, without "Congressional Approval." The WPR was brought about by President Nixon's ground campaigns in Cambodia & Laos in 1970 and 1971, respectively.
Following the Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations, President Lyndon B. Johnson also believed in containment and the domino theory. If one nation falls to communism, the next nation will fall, and the next, etc. It became the aim of the Johnson administration to prevent a communist takeover in Southeast Asia. He needed support from Congress. In August, 1964, President Johnson reported to the nation that American ships had been attacked by North Vietnam gunboats in the…
In addition to filling in for the President if necessary what is the other duty of the US Vice President?
Eisenhower believed in the domino theory. That was the belief that communist governments were united in an effort to dominate the world and that communists were infiltrating democratic governments to turn them communist one at a time. He believed that stopping the spread of communism had to done in Vietnam and other places where it could still be stopped.
In passing the resolution, Congress specifically cites the Necessary and Proper Clause for its authority. Under the Necessary and Proper Clause, it is specifically provided that the Congress shall have the power to make all laws necessary and proper for carrying into execution, not only its own powers but also all other powers vested by the Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof. Because it limits the…