What seems to be the attitude among mine and mill owners about safety wages and working conditions in 1831?
In the United States, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 regulates working conditions and safety in the workplace. In the United Kingdom, the Safety and Health at Work Act 1974, and its successors, perform this function. Each country or Province has its own laws on this topic, most with different names.
Working conditions and pay were not very good in Europe during the nineteenth century. There are laws that protect children and specify working environment safety. There probably are some violations occurring and when caught, factory owners must correct any violations and possibly pay fines. Still, each worker must take the responsibility and work together as a group if new conditions arise that pose as a hazard in the factory or other work place.