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What states are contributory negligence states?

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Answered 2014-04-02 18:59:13
Answer - 5 StatesOnly five (4) states and the District of Columbia still recognize the pure contributory negligence rule, which says that a damaged party cannot recover any damages if he is even one (1) percent At Fault.

They are:


Alabama Power Co. v. Schotz, 215 So.2d 447 (Ala. 1968).

District of Columbia

Wingfield v. People's Drug Store, 379 A.2d 685 (D.C. 1994).


Board of County Comm'r of Garrett County v Bell Atlantic, 695 A.2d 171 (Md. 1997).

North Carolina

N.C.G.S.A § 99B-4(3).


Baskett v. Banks, 45 S.E.2d 173 (Va. 1947).

Indiana also has this rule for MALPRACTICE cases only.

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Karsten Kragh has written: 'Contributory negligence' -- subject(s): Contributory Negligence

Contributory negligence in a civil case is a familiar term used in many vehicle accident cases. Who is at fault plays a major role in contributory negligence during a civil case.

Contributory negligence: In relation to claims for negligently caused personal injury and death, contributory negligence is failure by a person (typically the plaintiff) to take reasonable care for his or her own safety, which contributes to the harm the person suffers.

Contributory negligence is a rule of law that has been largely abolished in the U.S., as it deemed that a plaintiff who was even partially at fault for the incident, due to his own negligence, could not recover any damages from the defendant, who supposedly caused the incident. Contributory negligence refers to some amount of negligence on the part of the plaintiff, without which the incident would not have occurred. To explore this concept, consider the following contributory negligence definition.

Under both contributory and comparative negligence, the negligence of the defendant is not in doubt; it has been proved by the plaintiff. The basic difference between the two concepts is that comparative negligence attempts to compensate the plaintiff for some portion of her injuries, no matter how small, where as contributory negligence serves to bar completely a damage award for injury.

This depends on the law of contributory negligence in your state. If you live in a contributory negligence state, you are at fault for leaving the door in the path of the bus. If not in a contributory negligence state, fault is apportioned at trial. I am a retired attorney. I would suggest you contact your insurance company for the necessary information.

Comparative and Contributory Negligence. Different laws in different states. In a Comparative state, the court compares the degree that a person may be responsible for their own loss. You have a loss of $1,000- but you share half the responsibility for the loss- you get half the amount, or $500. In a Contributory state, if you contributed- in any way or degree- to the loss, you get nothing. You have a loss of $1,000, but you were 10% responsible for the loss. You get nothing.

W. v. Rohland has written: 'Die strafbare Unterlassung' -- subject(s): Accessible book, Contributory Negligence, Negligence

Comparative or Contributory Negligence, is used to calculate the actual amount of damages to which each party in a dispute is to receive. In Law, an Accident Claim, is regarded as such a Dispute.

negligence is when someone failed or compromised is duties, and by doing so, the person in question puts another person in harms way. There are types of Negligence: Gross Negligence Comparative Negligence Contributory Negligence Vicarious Liability Medical Negligence Clinical Negligence

Both Contributory and Comparative negligence are theories which take into account the fact that a person injured by a tort by another person may also have been negligent and actually partially caused the injury. Individuals are charged with taking such actions that a reasonable person would take under ordinary circumstances to protect himself/herself from injury. Under the common law rule of contributory negligence, if the injured person failed to take such action, he/she would be barred from recovering damages for the injury even if the defendant had indeed been negligent. Contributory negligence, even if slight compared to the defendant's negligence could result in the plaintiff being denied damages. A driver who is not watching where he is going and hits a pedestrian who is standing still is negligent. The pedestrian should recover damages. But if that pedestrian steps into the middle of the road without even looking has contributed to the negligence that caused his own injuries. That pedestrian will not recover damages because he was contributorily negligent. Recognizing that this was sometimes unfair and harsh, especially when a defendant's negligence far exceeded the plaintiff's, the concept of Comparative negligence was created. Under comparative negligence, a plaintiff may recover damages against a defendant only if plaintiff's negligence was not greater than defendant's. If both parties were negligent, their negligence is compared and reduced to percentages of the whole amount of negligence that caused the injury. If a plaintiff is found to have been 25% negligent and the defendant 75% negligent, the jury totals up all the damages that could be awarded to plaintiff and reduces plaintiff's damages by 25%. If the jury finds that plaintiff was 51% negligent, plaintiff gets nothing at all. Contributory negligence was the rule at common law. Comparative negligence exists only if a particular state has enacted a statute adopting comparative negligence and abolishing contributory negligence.

Comparative negligence is found in about 35 of the 50 states including Ohio. New Jersey and California are also comparative negligence states.

Defendants often defend against negligence by asserting that the plaintiff failed to prove the existence of one or more of the required elements for negligence. Additionally, there are three basic defenses in negligence cases: (1) assumption of risk ( A plaintiff who voluntarily enters into a risk situation )(2) Superseding cause, and (3) contributory and comparative negligence.

There are complete defences and partial defences. Complete: consent, legal authority, self-defence, necessity Partial: contributory negligence, provocation

Contributory negligence is taken into consideration in all aspects of the claim. I strongly disagree with using this tactic in not paying claims. A couple of insurance companies have been using contributory negligence alot to get out of paying claims like they should. I can't tell you which companies I am referring to but one has a green lizard on their advertisements and the other can pop you out of a car that's going to be hit by a buffalo by repeating a phrase and huddling together. These two companies have been the leader when it comes to this tactic. They can claim that both parties are 50% at fault and then they don't have to pay for anything and both people have to fix their cars themselves. God forbid one or more people get hurt.

Unless you sue in a contributory negligence state (meaning if the plaintiff was in any way at fault they are not entitled to relief), an unlicensed driver may sue the other party for negligence. Depending again on the state you are suing in and if they are a pure comparative negligence (ny) or modified comparative negligence (nj) your relief will possibly be reduced by your amount of fault. If in a modified comparative negligence state, if you are more than 50% at fault you are barred from recovery.

i not understand and what mean contributory? my father death.

No. Unless the child knew the ditch was there before the accident. Even if the child knew about the ditch ,odds are the child would not be guilty of any negligence.

negligence, recklessness, intent

A more commonly used word is non-contributory. "John's suggestions were quite helpful, but Mary's suggestions were non-contributory". I suppose you could use contributory the same way: "John's suggestions were contributory, but Mary's suggestions were not helpful at all."

A number of things may be going on. Some states adhere to contributory negligence theory, and some to a comparative negligence theory, both of which are more fully discussed below.In either event, it is important that you timely report the collision to your insurer. If you had collision coverage, your insurer will pay to repair your car, subject to your collision deductible. However, if damages exceed some statutory percentatge of the car's value, it may be declared a total loss. In that event, the insurer will pay the actual cash value of the vehicle less the policy deductible.Thereafter, the insurers will "subrogate", meaning that one will attempt to get all or a portion of what was paid from the other.If you had no collision coverage, you can either absorb the loss, or file a civil suit against the other driver/owner.Added Answer:This is what is going on:The other insurance company is trying to put part of the blame for the accident on you so that it can minimize the amount it has to pay. There are two legal theories at work here, one is contributory negligence and the other is comparative negligence. This case involves comparative negligence because the insurance company is claiming a percentage of non-liability rather than total non-liability.In a "contributory negligence" state, if the person who got backed into was the slightest bit negligent himself, the person backing into the car is relieved of liability, because the other person contributed to the accident with his own negligence. This is a harsh and unfair rule. Many states replaced "contributory negligence" with "comparative negligence."In a "comparative negligence" state, the person backing into the other car is liable for just the percentage of his negligence that caused the accident. The actions of the two parties are compared and assigned some percentage of negligence by the jury. In general, if the plaintiff is more than 50% negligent, he will be barred from collecting anything. If he is 50% or less negligent, he will have that percentage of the damages deducted from the amount of damages found by the jury.In this question the insurance company is claiming its driver was only 80% negligent. This means that it is willing to pay only 80% of the damage its driver caused.If the owner of the damaged car or his lawyer demands 100% and the case goes to trial, a jury could find that the owner of the damaged car was himself negligent in some degree. A driver backing up is not always automatically responsible for the entire accident. The insurance company would not be bound by the 80/20 split it first claimed. Thus after trial a jury might find the owner of the damaged car to be more or less than 20% at fault. In any event, the jury will determine the comparative percentage negligence between the two drivers, then determine the amount of damages, then do the math and render a verdict for the appropriate amount.In a comparative negligence state, if the guy backing into the other car was 80% negligent and if the total damages were $10,000, then the jury would award the owner of the damaged car a judgment of $8,000. This is because the jury deducts 20% of the $10,000 damages from the award because the plaintiff was 20% negligent himself.In a contributory negligence state, the owner would receive nothing, because his own negligence contributed to the accident even though he was not as negligent as the other person.

Andrew Dewar Gibb has written: 'A preface to Scots law' -- subject(s): Law 'Select cases in the law of Scotland' -- subject(s): Law reports, digests 'Judicial corruption in the United Kingdom' -- subject(s): Bribery, Judicial corruption, Judges 'Students' glossary of Scottish legal terms' -- subject(s): Law, Terms and phrases, Dictionaries 'Sale of goods on c.i.f. and f.o.b. terms' -- subject(s): Contracts, Sales 'The law of collisions on land' -- subject(s): Accident law, Contributory Negligence, Damages, Highway law, Negligence, Negligence, Contributory, Traffic accidents

Medicaid, would be a non-contributory program. That is because people can't afford it, just like food stamps. Medicare is a contributory program.

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