What type of telescope is used to view distant land objects?

Any telescope will do this but traditionally the old fashioned brass telescopes were refracting telescopes.

A refracting or refractor telescope is a dioptric telescope that uses a lens as its objective to form an image. The refracting telescope design was originally used in spy glasses and astronomical telescopes but is also used in other devices such as binoculars and long or telephoto camera lenses. == ==