Quantcast
answersLogoWhite
notificationBell

Top Answer
User Avatar
Wiki User
Answered 2016-02-02 07:11:40

MacArthur was the General of the Pacific fleet Navy during WWII. He led a southern attack against Japan that began just above Australia and eventually captured every Japanese occupied islands except the mainland.

According to B. H. Liddell Hart's History of the Second World War (Da Capo Press paperback edition 1971, Page 346) "At the beginning of April (1942) the United States had assumed responsibility for the whole Pacific area, except Sumatra, While the British would remain responsible for Sumatra and the Indian ocean area." ... The Americam sphere was divided in two -- the South-west Pacific under General MacArthur, whose headquarters were now established in Australia and the Pacific Ocean area under Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. Both were strong abd forceful men, likely to clash. The Japanese plan provided ample call on, and scope for, the activity of each. Moreover the borderline between their respective spheres came in the Solomon Islands, where the Japanese amphibious threat required the conjoint use of MacArthur's ground forces and Nimitz's naval forces."

As this quote indicates, MacArthur was not General of the Pacific fleet. He was an Army officer commanding the U.S. ground and non-naval air forces primarily responsible for the destruction of Japanese ground forces scattered on the many Pacific island locations. Whether all of these were captured by the General is best discussed under a topic directly related to that aspect of the war including those islands initially bypassed. The U.S. Paciific fleet including its naval aviation forces (as well as coordination with the British Pacific fleet) were under the overall command of Admiral Chester Nimitz.

At the outset of the War, MacAurther was in command of the US forces in the Philippines. During the initial attack, he was responsible for organized resistance there. When the situation in the became tactically hopeless, he was ordered to escape to Australia by President Roosevelt. His arrival in Australia allowed him to rally the rather demoralized Allied forces in the area, as he quickly assumed command of all local Allied forces in the area.

For mostly political considerations, the Allied war effort in the Pacific was actually divided into three major theaters: the Southwest Pacific Area, the Pacific Ocean Areas, and the Southeast Pacific Area. MacAurther (and, by inference, the Army) was assigned to coordinate all Allied forces in the Southwest theater - this included not just army, but also all naval forces and air forces in that area. Fundamentally, this left MacAurther responsible for the defense of Australia, and any action in the Indonesian/Malaysian archipelago down to New Guinea and up to the Philippines.

MacArthur commanded a very mixed group of forces, consisting primarily of American, Australian, and British, but also Dutch, Free French, and several indigenous nationalist groups. For the vast majority of the war, the fighting consisted mostly of smaller (but no less intense) land and naval actions, primarily defensive on the part of the Allies. The retaking of the Philippines was the major exception to this, with the overall command of the operation falling to MacArthur.

He was present at, and signed for the United States, the formal surrender of Japan on board the U.S.S. Missouri on 2 Sept 1945.
US general who served as chief and commanded the Allied forces in the South Pacific during WW2

001
๐Ÿ™๐Ÿฟ
0
๐Ÿคจ
0
๐Ÿ˜ฎ
0
๐Ÿ˜‚
0
User Avatar

Your Answer

Still Have Questions?

Related Questions

What was the general role of women during World War 2?

Women worked in many factories and farms in the war.


What war was eishenhower a general in?

He was a general during WW2. He was assigned the role after the attack on Pearl Harbour.


What was Dwight D. Eisenhower role during World war 1?

He wasn't in WWI, but commander of US forces in WW11.


Where was general George s Patton stationed during world war 2?

General Patton was stationed in many places during the war but his most valuable role was stationed in Africa chasing the Infamous Desert Fox, Rommel.


What was the role of women during the war?

The role of woman during World War 2 was to make supplies for the people over seas


What was hilers role during world war 2?

There is no such individual known as hiler that had a role in WW2.



What was the role of the European colonies during World War 1?

The role of the European colonies during World War I was to provide Vital Supplies, like food and clothing and weapons and troops.


What was Dwight D. Eisenhower role during World war 2?

He was in command of the European Theater with the rank of General of the Army.Eisenhower was the supreme allied commander in Europe.


What was the role of General Haig?

I know of two General Haigs; one a British general from World War 1, and the other a US general from the Vietnam War. Can you specify?


What was General Robert E. Lee's role in the Civil War?

He was the South's ( Confederates ) General . He lead the confederates during the Civil War .


What was Shingwaukonse's role during 1812?

I am really sorry I dont know Shimgwaukonse role during the 1812 world I would also like to know


What role did Robert E. Lee have?

The role that Robert E. Lee had and is known for was General. He was the commander for the Confederate Army during the Civil War.



Hitler role in World War 2?

He was the General of Germany and Leader of the Nazi Regime.


What was the Lord Chamberlain's role in conflict during World War 2?

He was the prime minister during part of World War 2.


What role did eisenhower play in war 2?

Eisenhower was an amazing general, he helped during the European Campaign


What was Henry halleck role during the civil war?

He was Union General-in-Chief in the middle half of the war.




What was Lenin's role during World War 2?

Lenin had no role in World War 2. He had died in 1924 about 15 years before World War 2 started.


What was Joseph Stalin's role in the Soviet government during World War 2?

Officially, Stalin was General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union; by the beginning of World War II, Stalin had turned the position into an absolute dictatorship.


What happened to the government's economic role during and after world war 2?

The government's economic role during and after World War 2 expanded. This expansion took place because the country was under the control of the Progressives who wanted an increased governmental role in everything.


What was Douglas MacArthur important role in World War 2?

He was the commanding general of the army in the Pacific.


What was the role of General Eisenhower in World War 2?

Supreme Commander Allied Force Europe


Still have questions?

Trending Questions
Best foods for weight loss? Asked By Wiki User
How to lose belly fat? Asked By Wiki User
Previously Viewed
Unanswered Questions
Saan nagmula ang gitara? Asked By Wiki User
Uri ng tekstong nareysyon? Asked By Wiki User
Can you get Takis at 7 eleven? Asked By Wiki User