What was Israel?

1) Jacob, grandson of Abraham, was given the honor-title of Israel by God (Genesis ch.35).
2) Israel was a country (Joshua 11:16,21; Judges 19:29; 1 Samuel 11:3, 13:1), populated by the Israelites. Earlier, it had been called Canaan.
3) For a few centuries, "Israel" referred only to its northern half, populated by the Ten Tribes, while the south was called Judah or Judea.