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2016-01-12 03:49:28
2016-01-12 03:49:28

On 3 September 1939 Neville Chamberlain declared war on Germany following the German invasion of Poland. Contrary to a widespread misconception, the British prime minister who actually took Britain into World War 2 was not Churchill. His greatest contribution was continuing the war against Germany when the outlook for Britain was bleak. Winston Churchill was prime minister of Britain (England, Scotland, Wales and British controlled Northen Ireland) from May 1940-July 1945. When France collapsed in May-June 1940 Churchill, who had only recently become prime minister staunchly refused to consider making peace with Germany. Britain declared war on Nazi Germany when they invaded Poland, for Britain had promised Poland they would come to their aid should Poland be invaded. The Soviet Union invaded Poland at the same time as part of a partition of Poland deal with Nazi Germany, but Britain did not declare war on the Soviet Union: one major enemy was quite enough! Indeed, Britain sent warnings from intelligence to Stalin, leader of the Soviet Union about the impending invasion of the USSR by Nazi Germany, but Stalin dismissed this as a ploy from Churchill to drag the Soviet Union into a war with Nazi Germany for Britain's benefit, and thus the warning went unheeded. As it turned out, the invasion of the Soviet Union by Nazi Germany occurred, and benefited Britain greatly in terms of acquiring a powerful ally in open conflict with the Nazi Germany, a benefit that Britain could not acquire in America with America's refusal to engage in open war with Nazi Germany, for it was seen by the US as Europe's War, Europe's problem, another European war that would lead to much bloodshed as did occur with World War One. <><><> == == Winston Churchill succeeded Neville Chamberlain soon after the war started because Chamberlain was not suited to be pm in wartime. == == <><><> Winston Churchill was Prime Minister of England during WWII -- thus he was the "in charge" guy when it came to making war decisions. == == <><><> In 1939 he spoke out against the government's policy towards India and as Hitler became more and more aggressive in Europe, Winston Churchill became more and more concerned about the stance taken by the then leader of the government Neville Chamberlain. From 1938 to the outbreak of war in September 1939 Churchill urged the government to be more pro-active against Hitler, including for an early call for conscription. On Sept. 3, 1939, Winston Churchill was back in the gov't when Chamberlain appointed him First Lord of the Admiralty. The seeming failure of the gov't, including the military failure in Norway in 1940, meant that criticism of Chamberlain became more robust. On May 10th, 1940, Winston Churchill became Prime Minister and during the war, he was the most dominant figure in British politics -- a role that received huge praise once the war was over. To many people in Britain, Churchill's stand against Nazism and all it stood for, summarized why the war was being fought. His speeches have become part of legend .. be it "fight on the beaches" or his salute to the men from Fighter Command who took on the Luftwaffe in the Battle of Britain. Churchill was also in London during the Blitz and regularly visited areas bombed out by the Luftwaffe. To the people of London, he was one of them and a man who could have removed himself from dangers of German bombers, but refused to -- staying in bombed out London along with those who suffered. He also took a role in military issues. It was he who was political force behind the creation of commando units that would be sent in to disrupt the German military. He was also scathing about military defeats, call the defeat of Tobruk a "disgrace." During the war, Churchill also held a number of meetings with other wartime leaders. He met F.D. Roosevelt, the American President, on 9 occasions between 1941 and 1945; he had 5 meetings with the Russian leader Stalin between 1942-1945. For all his popularity as war leader, Churchill lost the 1945 general election to Labour's Clement Atlee. His wife told him that it might be a "blessing in disguise." Winston Churchill is said to have replied, "very well disguised." == == <><><> After holding many posts in and out of Parliament and government since WW 1 he became the Prime Minister (leader) of Parliament in Great Britain at the beginning of WW 2. At the end of the war with the first elections he as a conservative lost his position to the Labour party's leader.

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