Asked in Germany in WW2
Germany in WW2
What was the German policy of submarine warfare intended to do?
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Asked in History
What was the German policy of sinking Britain ships without warning called?
What did the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare do?
In WW1, the German policy of unrestricted submarine warfare irritated neutral nations such as the United States and eventually helped public opinion to support the US entry into the war. In WW2 the German policy of unrestricted submarine warfare in the Atlantic irritated nominally neutral nations such as the United States and provided a rationale for increasing US support of Britain and its allies. In WW2 the American policy of unrestricted submarine warfare in the Pacific probably contributed to the degradation of Japanese economic capabilities as the war progressed.
Asked in World War 1, War and Military History
What German policy contributed to the US's entry into World War 1?
Asked in Germany
Which order of events correctly describes changes in Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare?
Asked in Submarines, WW1 Naval Warfare
What did the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare refer to?
What words pertaining to World War 1 begin with the letter U?
Asked in War and Military History
The US entered the war on the side of the allies because Germany?
Asked in World War 1
What German policy drew the United States into world war 1?
Asked in Authors, Poets, and Playwrights
What has the author Janet Marilyn Manson written?
Asked in World War 1, History of the United States
What events during World War 1 changed the course of US foreign policy?
What is the name of the first submarine in World War 1?
Diesel-Electric submarines had been in use for years before WWI; there were many commissioned boats on both sides of the war before it even started, so there is no one particular submarine used in WWI. However, the one boat that arguably had the most impact at the beginning of WWI was the German submarine U-20, which was responsible for sinking the British passenger liner RMS Lusitania. This single submarine attack had repercussions throughout the war, causing policy shifts in Germany considering submarine warfare, and which affected submarine warfare in general forever.
Asked in Submarines
What were the goals of Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare?
Why did Germany return to its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare in 1917?
Germany returned to its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare in 1917 because they hoped that by doing so they would be able to deprive Great Britain of food and war materials. Great Britain was heavily dependent on imports in order to maintain its war effort. By attacking Britain's shipping, Germany hoped that it could starve Britain into submission or weaken its war effort enough that the German army could defeat it on the Western Front.
Asked in War and Military History
What was Germany attempting to accomplish by returning to its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare?
During World War I, Germany's goal in returning to unrestricted submarine warfare in 1917 was, quite simply, to bring the long war to a quick end. Realizing that this decision could bring war with the United States, German leaders calculated that their submarines would end the war before American involvement could make a difference.
Asked in United States of America
Why did the united states enter WWI?
The US tried to avoid involvement in world war 1 by following a policy of what?
Asked in World War 1
What German action was most important in bringing the US into world War 1?
Asked in World War 1
How dependable was the submarine in World War 1?
Dependable enough to sink large vessels (RMS Lusitania, e.g.), merchant ships and warships. Though ranges and armament were limited, the success of the German submarine fleet led to the Versailles Treaty having a condition that all German submarines were to be handed over to the Allies after the war. This was primarily so that the Allies could study German submarine technology in greater detail. The Germans were so far advanced in submarine technology that even their WWII technology legacy is incorporated into today's submarines (e.g., hull shape and design). Only the change in policy toward unrestricted submarine warfare kept the Germans from achieving more significant victories against enemy shipping and warships. Had they continued their initial policy, WWI may have turned out very differently.
What was Woodrow Wilson's reaction to the German submarine warfare campaign?
When the Germans, declared unrestricted submarine warfare, the US issued a sharp protest to this policy, saying that it was an indefensible violation of neutral rights, and threatened to hold Germany accountable. After many German offenses in the seas, Wilson threatened to break off diplomatic relations with Germany unless it abandoned its methods of submarine warfare. Wilson won a temporary victory when the Germans said that they would visit all vessels prior to attack. However, this crisis prompted Wilson to begin preparing for war (preparedness campaign). Finally when the Germans decided to declared unlimited submarine warfare on all shipping in 1917, it was impossible for Wilson to maintain US neutrality and the freedom of the seas. Thus, Wilson broke off all diplomatic relations with Germany and called on Congress to approve the arming of US merchant ships.
How did World War I affect Americans?
When World War One began, Americans wanted remain neutral. The German policies regarding submarine warfare made Americans feel threatened. Finally, after Germany renewed its policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, most Americans turned from neutrality to one of not allowing the so-called "Huns" take over England and France. From 1914 to 1917 Americans drifted to neutrality to one favoring the so-called democracies of England and France.
Asked in Germany in WW2, Submarines
Why were the Germans willing to risk the consequences of a return to unconditional submarine warfare?
On May 6, 1915, the RMS Lusitania was torpedoed by the German U-boat U-20, just 11.5 miles off the coast of Ireland, sinking in 18 minutes. Of the 1198 passengers who died, almost 100 were children, and she also carried 139 Americans, 128 of which died in the sinking. Among the passengers were many American and British dignitaries and luminaries of the day. The resulting world public backlash pressured the German leadership to revert to a policy of Restricted Submarine Warfare. They reverted back to Unrestricted Submarine Warfare (URSW) in 1917 to counter the British blockade of Germany, hoping to break the back of British shipping and to delay the U.S. entry into the war, but by then it was too late. Had they held fast and continued their policy of URSW after the Lusitania, WWI may have turned out much differently. Their reversion back to a URSW policy was also one of the key elements leading to the entry of the United States into WWI.
Asked in World War 2, World War 1, Germany in WW2
What was the policy used by the Germans that brought Americans into World War I?
Germany instituted the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, which resulted in the sinking of the passenger ship Lusitania, resulting in a tragic loss of civilian lives. Unrestricted submarine warfare meant that the German U-boats did not have to stop and search a ship before torpedoing it. It meant that no matter the nationality, any given ship could be assumed to be carrying war material for an enemy nation, whether it aqctually was or not. It also meant that a U-boat commander did not HAVE to stop to assure the safety and welbeing of any given ships crew and passengers.