The neolithic era was famous for the beginning of human technology. The neolithic era is known as the end of the stone age. You can get more information about the neolithic era online at the Wikipedia.
The Neolithic followed the Paleolithic Period, or age of chipped-stone tools, and preceded the Bronze Age, or early period of metal tools. A brief treatment of the Neolithic Period follows. For full treatment, see Stone Age: Neolithic and technology: The Neolithic Revolution.
Women in the neolithic era (the new stone age) often worked on farms with help from their children. Many clay and stone figurines of neolithic women have been preserved, with exaggerated reproductive organs, suggesting women may have been idolized for their fertility.