What was the first chartered university in the US?
Dartmouth was founded in 1769, a full 133 years after the founding of Harvard College.
No, It goes: Virginia-1607, Chartered-1606-1612 New Hampshire-1623, Chartered-1679 Massachusetts-1628, Chartered-1629 Maryland-1634, Chartered-1632 Connecticut-1635, Chartered-1662 Rhode Island-1636, Chartered-1644 Delaware-1638, Chartered-None North Carolina-1653, Chartered-1663 New York-1613, Chartered-1664 New Jersey-1664, Chartered-None South Carolina-1670, Chartered-1663 Pennsylvania-1681, Chartered-1681 Georgia-1733, Chartered-1732
This answer is disputable. The College of William and Mary (which is now public) was the first of today's public universities to receive its charter (1693). However, it was private and did not become public until after the Civil War. The University of Georgia was chartered prior to the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, but did not start admitting students until after UNC-CH. in the 1790s. Thus, it depends on how you interpret "oldest."
Santa Clara University and University of the Pacific were both founded in 1851. Santa Clara University (originally named Santa Clara College) was the first to open, and University of the Pacific (originally named California Wesleyan College, then College of the Pacific) was California's first chartered university (July 10, 1851). Pacific's main campus is now in Stockton, in addition to a law school in Sacramento and a dental school in San Francisco.