What was the first country to launch an artificial satellite?
Sputnik 1 was the world's first Earth-orbiting artificial satellite. It was launched into a low altitude elliptical orbit by the Soviet Union on 4 October 1957, and was the first in a series of satellites collectively known as the Sputnik program.
Sputnik 1 was launched during the International Geophysical Year from Site No.1, at the 5th Tyuratam range, in Kazakh SSR (now the Baikonur Cosmodrome).
A communications satellite is an artificial satellite stationed in space for the purpose of telecommunications. The first satellite launched was the Sputnik I and it weighted about 180 pounds. That launch ushered in new political, military, technological, and scientific developments and it was not digital at all. Analog was the stile back then.