What was the first space probe called?
The first space probe was called Sputnik 1, launched by Soviet Union in 1957.
The first probe was Pioneer 6 in 1965, it was a solar probe, and the mission was a success. The second probe was Pioneer 7 one year later. It was also a solar probe and it was also a success. After that we have launched more solar probes, and other probes out into space, almost all have been successful.
A space probe is an unmanned spacecraft designed to explore the solar system and transmit data back to earth. A satellite is an object that orbits around a planet. By these definitions the space shuttle is not a space probe and is only sometimes a satellite. It is considered a satellite only when it is in orbit around Earth. However, the space shuttle is not usually referred to as a 'satellite' no matter if it…