What was the first space shuttles that went into space in between 1960 to 2000?
The US Space Shuttle first flew in 1981 and continued in operation until 2011.
Prior to 1981 expendable space capsules were the preferred method of getting crews into space. Initially it was thought the Space Shuttle program would cut costs of space travel but it ultimately proved to be more expensive and more dangerous, taking the lives of 14 astronauts during its operational life. In comparison 7 astronauts/cosmonauts have died in capsules. The Soviet Union attempted to design a space shuttle but it never flew with a crew aboard. The USA has now reverted to a capsule design for its next space program.
Five Space Shuttles were built and flown in space:
Columbia (Destroyed during re-entry 2003)
Challenger (Destroyed during launch 1986)
The US and the Soviets wanted to be the first to conquer space. We called it the Space Race. The Soviets had beaten us in most parts of this race; a manned moon landing was one part where we made it first. The Soviets never landed a man on the moon tho they tried; they eventually gave up and built a space station.
Science and technology functioned on different levels during the 1960's, much unlike how it is today. In 1961, the first robot was created as was the first trans-continental telegraph. Science discoveries during the 1960's included space travel, the existence of Sierpinski numbers, and the first pacemaker.
The 'space race diplomacy' refers to the competition mostly in the 1950's and 1960's between the United States and the USSR to achieve a number of firsts in space and to dominate it. Initially Russia led the way with the first satellite, first man and later woman in space, and first spacewalk - although some of the difficulties and shortcuts taken to achieve these were not revealed until much later. Eventually, the US took the…
Some achievements in space exploration are: 19 August 1960 - First plants and animals to return alive from Earth orbit 12 April 1961 - First human spaceflight 21 July 1969 - First human on the Moon and first space launch from a celestial body 23 November 1970 - First lunar rover 23 April 1971 - First space station 12 February 2001 - First landing on an asteroid 28 April 2001 - First space tourist Some…
A new chapter in US space flight began in July 1950 with the launch of the first rocket, Bumper 2, from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was created on October 1, 1958. Other notable first flights include the following: Jan 1958 - US launched its first Earth satellite, Explorer 1 Dec 1958 - US launched the first communications satellite SCORE into space. April 1960 - US launched the first weather…
The Soviet Union may have lost several astronauts in flight in the 1960's and early '70's. However, the Soviet Union was also very secretive about their space program; they never made any announcements until after the flight had landed. And even then, they would sometimes lie about details. The first American astronauts to die during a space mission were the crew of the Challenger space shuttle.
There was a Mercury Program in the US in the early 1960's, it was the program that put the first American astronaut into space. They were called "capsules", a one man space ship that was boosted into space by a rocket, they had very little maneuverability. The program was followed by Gemini, which had 2 men in each capsule, then Apollo, where 3 men were in each capsule. Apollo was the program where the first…