What was the Inquisition?
In simple terms, the Inquisition was a formal court set up by the Church to try people accused of not following the teachings of the Church. It had the power to torture the accused, who had no rights to a fair trial (assuming that one should ever be tried for not following mainstream beliefs), and could hand the accused over for execution.
The medieval Inquisition began in 1184 when Pope Lucius III sent a list of heresies to Europe's bishops and commanded them to take an active role in determining whether those accused of heresy were, in fact, guilty. Rather than relying on secular courts, local lords, or just mobs, bishops were to see to it that accused heretics in their dioceses were examined by knowledgeable churchmen using Roman laws of evidence. In other words, they were to "inquire"-thus, the term "inquisition."
From the perspective of secular authorities, heretics were
traitors to God and king and therefore deserved death. From the
perspective of the Church, however, heretics were lost sheep that
had strayed from the flock, and the pope and bishops had a duty to
bring those sheep back into the fold. The Inquisition provided a
means for heretics to escape death and return to the community.
Those found guilty of grave error were allowed to confess their
sin, do penance, and be restored to Christianity. However,
unrepentant or obstinate heretics were excommunicated and given
over to the secular authorities to be punished.
Pope Sixtus IV issued a bull on November 1, 1478, allowing the Spanish crown to form an inquisitorial tribunal. As was now the custom, the monarchs would have complete authority over the inquisitors and the inquisition. The purpose of the Spanish Inquisition was to identify the conversos who had publicly converted to Christianity but continued secretly to practise Judaism or Islam.
The Inquisition was a group if institutions within the government system of the Catholic Church, whose aim was to combat heresy. It started in 12th century France and spread to other European countries resulting in the Spanish and Portuguese Inquisitions. Minor religions were more numerous in these countries
What are the release dates for Secret Files of the Inquisition - 2006 The End of the Inquisition 1-4?
The original Papal inquisition was set up to find heretics. The Spanish Inquisition was originally established to sniff out 'insincere converts' from Judaism, and later extended its scope to include 'insincere converts' from Islam. By about 1600 something like 20% of all those in trouble with the Spanish Inquisition were being 'investigated' for allegedly 'insulting the Inquisition', failing to respect the Inquisition and so on.
Was the court established by the church to uncover heresy and punish the heretics in The Inquisition?
Roman Catholic Answer There is no simple answer to this question, as you are dealing with a period of nearly seven centuries, and many different inquisitions. The Medieval Inquisition ran from 1184-1230. The Spanish Inquisition from 1478 through 1834, the Portuguese Inquisition from 1536 through 1821, and the roman Inquisition from 1542 through 1860. When people in the the modern, western world refer to "The Inquisition", most of the time they are referring to the…
A: The 'Inquisition' was actually a series of tribunals set up, originally to combat what the Catholic Church considered heresy. The most famous of these was the Spanish Inquisition, and the limited evidence that survives suggests that around 5000 executions took place on the orders of the Spanish Inquisition. The Inquisition set up in the Netherlands was responsible for a further 2000 executions. Most other Inquisition tribunals resulted in far fewer executions, since most of…
Phillip II of Spain did not create the Inquisition. His great-grandparents, the Catholic Monarch's, Fernando and Isabel, created the Inquisition to help unite Catholic Spain. Phillip II exercised the Inquisition because he was devoutly religious and was trying to fight against the Protestant movements in Europe.