In April 1940, Rudolph HÃ¶ss, who become the first commandant of Auschwitz, identified the Silesian town of Oswiecim in Poland as a possible site for a concentration camp. The function of the camp initially was planned as an intimidation to Poles to prevent resistance their to German rule and serve as a prison for those who did resist. It was also perceived as a cornerstone of the policy to re-colonize Upper Silesia, which had once been a German region, with "pure Aryans." When the plans for the camp were approved, the Nazi's changed the name of the area to Auschwitz.
On April 27th, 1940, Heinrich Himmler ordered construction of the camp.
In May 1940, Poles were evicted from the vicinity of the barracks (most of them were executed), and a work crew comprising concentration camp prisoners was sent from Sachsenhausen. 300 Jews from the large Jewish community of Oswiecim were also pressed into service.
The first transport of prisoners, almost all Polish civilians, arrived in June 1940 and the SS administration and staff was established. On March 1th, 1941, the camp population was 10,900. Quite quickly, the camp developed a reputation for torture and mass shootings
In April 1940, Rudolph H
Buna is a work camp mainly and it is also in Auschwitz as well as the main Auschwitz camp and Auschwitz-Birkenau, the death camp.
Auschwitz I (The main, first Auschwitz camp) Auschwitz II (Birkenau - aka the death camp) Auschwitz III (Monowitz - aka Buna, a work camp)
The size of the 3 main Auschwitz camp is 25 square miles so an area of 625 miles
Auschwitz I, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Monowitz were the main camps of Auschwitz
The main camp was near the town of Oswiecim, which is called Auschwitz in German.
The famous sign reading Arbeit macht frei was above the main entrance to Auschwitz I, which was the camp established in May and June 1940, that is, the first of the concentration camp sections.
a couple of kilometers from the Auschwitz main camp.
-Auschwitz had 3 main camps and 45 subcamps -Other 1,500 SS Officers ran the Auschwitz camps -Auschwitz was used as an concentration camp and as a extermination camp - Auschwitz had a high level of slave working -Auschwitz also had a seriouse level of death tolls of 1.2 milion
because, Auschwitz isnt a single camp it's 3 main campswith 48 subcamps
It was used as a concentration camp and a extermination camp and also it got alot of Sub camps near the 3 main camps of Auschwitz
Work on extending Auschwitz Concentration Camp to include an extermination camp started in October 1941 and first became operational in March 1942. The main camp (a very harsh concentration camp) had been in existence since May 1940. Please see the related question.
Yes, Auschwitz was the main camp for Jews from Western Europe.
Auschwitz was used as a concentration camp and as a extermination camp because of it unique facilities of 3 main camps and 45 subcamps
The extermination camps were all in Poland after Germany invaded them. The main extermination camp was the Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp near Krakow, Poland.
The motto at the entrance to Auschwitz was "arbeit macht frei" which translated from the German means work makes you free. This was, of course, a lie. It was a death camp, not a labor camp. --------------------------------------------------------------- The sign was over the gate to the main camp, not the death camp (Auschwitz II). But of course as the Jews joked inside the camp, they would be set free when they died (freedom through the chimneys). Perhaps unsurprisingly the motto was almost exactly the same as the Soviet Union employed in the Gulags.
Please see the link below for a list of all the subcamps of Auschwitz.In Auschwitz, there were forty-five satellite camps on top of three main sub-camps.Auschwitz I: the original.Auschwitz II: also known as Birkenau, the major death camp of Auschwitz.Auschwitz III: also known as Monowitz-Buna, Monowitz, or Buna, was an extremely harsh labour a camp, mainly for political prisoners.
the main camp where people were killed was auschwitz, but there were many more.
The main camp or Stammlager which was also a labor camp, the extermination camp (Birkenau) or Vernichtungslager and the Monowitz, which was a labor camp. Auschwitz as administration, labor and transit camp, Birkenau as an anihilation camp and Monowitz as a labor camp producing synthetic rubber at an I.-G. Farben plant. Auschwitz had 51 satellite camps.
View of the entrance to the main camp of Auschwitz (Auschwitz I). The gate bears the motto "Arbeit Macht Frei" (Work makes one free).
auschwitz was a main concentration camp
No, there was 2 camps. Auschwitz was one and the other one was Auschwitz berkenau. There were three main camps, the third being Monowitz.
Auschwitz had 3 parts on the main site, and 45 sub camps. Auschwitz I (with the brick buildings- the original camp), Auschwitz II (Birkenau) and Auschwitz III (aka Monowitz, later Buna). For a few months (November 1943-May 1944) Auschwitz II was an independent camp, but was then merged back into the Auschwitz group.
It was at Auschwitz, about 3-4 miles from the main site and was part of the vast Auschwitz complex of camps.
The three camps on the main site at Auschwitz were liberated by the Soviet Army on 27 January 1945.
From early 1942 onwards, there were three camps on the main site at Auschwitz and the number of sub-camps (off the main site) grew to 45. The main site included the extermination camp at Birkenau (Auschwitz II).