Loyalists were American colonists who supported the English as opposed to Patriots who supported independence from England.
About 15 to 20 percent of the population remained loyal to England.
The Declaration of Independence
they separated into two groups, patriots and loyalists. patriots supported independence, loyalists stayed loyal to England.
Declaration of Independence.
The original reason the colonists fought in the Revolutionary War was to gain their independence from England.
Tories or Loyalists