Roman Catholic AnswerThe same role that they have always filled: to give glory and honor to God. In the middle ages, there were more people who were closer to God, and thus, more people who gave their lives to God in the monastery. There are monks and nuns today all over the world who arise very early, pray the Divine Office, sing Mass daily, and give their lives in meditation and silent work interceding for the rest of us, just as they did in the Middle Ages.
A monastary is a building that houses either monks or nuns. In Europe they played a big role because they also served as the living quarters of the cathedral clergy and the bishop. The Monks living in them from the Middle Ages and beyond maintained European history by copying and recopying in Latin many historical records.
Yes, those who are not ordained monks or nuns have always had an important role in the community of Buddhists. As Buddhism spread from what is today India to other eastern countries and, in the 20th century, to the west, it adapted itself to different cultures. Today in the west, most Buddhists are not celibate monks or nuns. Communities of monks and nuns are usually supported by many practitioners outside those communities. Most people today who engage in Buddhist practices designed to minimize suffering are neither monks nor nuns. .
Buddhist monks and nuns did not have income earning jobs as they could not handle money or earn income. Their role in society was to help teach lay practioners but their ultimate job is to attain enlightenment.
Monks and Nuns had several roles in medival society. They educated children, took in travelers, took care of widows and orphans, not to mention without monastaries all of the knowledge of antiqiuty would have been lost.
provide medical services when neededreligious servicesprovide a stopping point for travelerscopy and write bookstook in children who had been left at their gates
Same as it is today to see to the religious education and souls of man. Monks often copied books by hand and wrote books. They were one of the few groups that could read and write. Some nuns and monks gave medical help when they could or took in children who had been left at their door/gate.
I love maddi jane
They helped them
to "toss my salad"
They were slave and did what they were told.