What were George HW Bush's foreign policies?
The foreign affairs of the Bush Administration included involvement in China, Panama, The Soviet Union, Germany, Yugoslavia, and the Middle East. President Bush maintained relatively conservative and interventionist, but above all, highly pragmatic policies abroad. In 1889, despite the Chinese's brutal suppression of a peaceful democratic movement, Bush refused to take action against it. In fact, he sent deputy secretary of state Lawrence Eagleburger to China to help repair Chinese-American relations, which had been upset by the quelling of the peaceful democratic protest. In Panama, the Bush Administration launched "Operation Just Cause" in 1989 to remove the military dictator Noriega from power. 10,000 troops were sent to meet up with the 13,000 already in Panama, and the deposition was a success. Bush also continued to melt Cold War tensions during his presidency. In 1989, he met with Gorbachev in Malta, where the two leaders discussed arms reduction and de-nuclearization. In 1991, they met again in Moscow, where they signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START). Though sometimes criticized for compromising with Gorbachev, Bush's relationship with him was an important step in mending relations with the Soviets. On the issue of German Unification, Bush pushed the "Two-plus-Four" approach, which allowed the two Germanys to work out internal issues, and left the four WWII victors to hash out external issues. The result made Germany a member of NATO (but stationed no NATO troops in East Germany), gave the Soviets three to four years to withdraw troops, and forced Germany to provide the Soviets with economic assistance. One of the most dominant proponents of the Bush Administration's foreign affairs was involvement in the Persian Gulf War. After Iraq invaded Kuwait, the U.S. launched "Operation Desert Shield," with the objectives of removing Iraqi troops from Kuwait, restoring the Kuwaiti government, protecting Americans abroad, and ensuring the future safety and stability of the Middle East. "Desert Shield" included a massive air strike, and also required the deployment of U.S. troops for a ground war. Kuwait was liberated 3 days after the ground strike, and a ceasefire was declared. The prompt and low-loss success in the Persian Gulf War helped to restore confidence in the U.S. Military, and lead to the development of Bush's "New World Order." The "New World Order" involved multinational cooperation, broke down Cold War conceptions, and created new allies. In 1994, Bush attended a conference in Madrid with representatives from Spain and the Soviet Union to discuss the issue of peace in the Middle East. The New World Order also had humanitarian goals. In 1993, "Operation Restore Hope" was launched, in which Bush sent troops to Somalia to bring relief to victims of famine and starvation. Actions in Somalia were initially successful, but the mission swiftly snowballed into an internecine struggle with Somalian warlords. Following the fragmentation of Yugoslavia, the United Stated worked with the EC and the UN to remedy the situation, but attempts were largely unsuccessful. While military action and interventionist policies in the Middle east and Somalia of the Bush administration were markedly conservative, his cooperation with Gorbachev, peace-seeking in china, and "New World Order," were much more liberal in nature.