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During World War II, the military feared that some persons of Japanese ancestry might conduct espionage or sabotage in the important industrial centers on the US Pacific coast.

The federal government was concerned enough to establish a policy that removed all ethnic Japanese from the West Coast, even those who were US citizens, and relocated them to guarded camps built in remote areas, often deserts. More than 100,000 Japanese people, half of them children, were forced to go to these camps. There were 10 camps, surrounded by barbed wire and armed guards. They could only bring what they could carry, and many lost their homes and businesses. They were imprisoned in the camps from 1942 to early 1945, when the Supreme Court ruled their detention unconstitutional.

Some Japanese-American men from the camps and elsewhere still volunteered to fight for the US in the war, and many served with distinction.

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Assembly Centers and Internment Camps

There were three different kinds of camps that they would send Japanese-American citizens to. The first were Civilian Assembly Centers, which were temporary camps when they were initially taken out of their communities. These included:

Santa Anita Racetrack in Arcadia, California

Fresno Fairgrounds in Fresno, California

Marysville/Arboga, California

Civilian Conservation Corps camp in Mayer, Arizona

County Fairgrounds in Merced, California

Owens Valley, California

Parker Dam, Arizona

Pinedale Assembly Center in Pinedale, California

Los Angeles County Fairgrounds in Pomona, California

Pacific International Livestock Exposition in Portland, Oregon

Camp Harmony in Puyallup, Washington

Sacramento/Walerga, California

Salinas, California

Tanforan racetrack in San Bruno, California

San Joaquin County Fairgrounds in Stockton, California

Tulare, California

Stanislaus County Fairgrounds in Turlock, California

Woodland, California

Most were then transferred to one of 10 Internment Camps:

Gila River War Relocation Center, Arizona

Granada War Relocation Center, Colorado (also known as Amache)

Heart Mountain War Relocation Center, Wyoming

Jerome War Relocation Center, Arkansas

Manzanar War Relocation Center, California

Minidoka War Relocation Center, Idaho

Poston War Relocation Center, Arizona

Rohwer War Relocation Center, Arkansas

Topaz War Relocation Center, Utah

Tule Lake War Relocation Center, California

Some, for reasons of security or correction, were sent to other facilities.

-- Justice Department Detention Camps:

Crystal City, Texas

Fort Lincoln, North Dakota

Fort Missoula, Montana

Fort Stanton, New Mexico

Kenedy, Texas

Kooskia, Idaho

Santa Fe, New Mexico

Seagoville, Texas

-- Citizen Isolation Centers:

Leupp, Arizona

Moab, Utah (A.K.A. Dalton Wells)

Old Raton Ranch/Fort Stanton, New Mexico

-- Federal Bureau of Prisons

Catalina, Arizona

Fort Leavenworth, Kansas

McNeil Island, Washington

-- US Army Facilities

Angel Island, California/Fort McDowell

Camp Blanding, Florida

Camp Forrest, Tennessee

Camp Livingston, Louisiana

Camp Lordsburg, New Mexico

Camp McCoy, Wisconsin

Florence, Arizona

Fort Bliss, New Mexico/Texas

Fort Howard

Fort Lewis, Washington

Fort Meade, Maryland

Fort Richardson, Alaska

Fort Sam Houston, Texas

Fort Sill, Oklahoma

Griffith Park, California

Honolulu, Hawaii

Sand Island Hawaii

Stringtown, Oklahoma


Internment camps were created for both German and Japanese Americans. The intent behind these camps was to limit communications between the US and Japan or Germany as there was a fear that relatives would share national secrets or information that would harm the US.

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Q: What were Japanese Internment Camps?
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Related questions

How many Japanese internment camps were there?

there are 39 diffrent Japanese internment camps


What was Japanese internment camps like?

See Japanese American internment camps.


How did the Japanese escape the Internment camps?

See website: Japanese-American internment camps.


How big are Japanese internment camps?

See website: Japanese-American internment camps.


Was the Japanese happy about the internment camps?

No, the Japanese- Americans were not happy about the internment camps in WW2.


Where were Japanese internment camps located?

Japanese internment camps were located all over the U.S.


What was the date on which the Japanese entered the internment camps?

See website: Japanese-American internment camps.


What happened once the Japanese were in the Internment camps?

see website: Japanese-American internment camps.


How many Japanese Americans were kept in the internment camps?

See website: Japanese-American internment camps.


Where were most of the internment camps on?

See website: Japanese-American internment camps.


How long did the japanese internment camps go on?

See website: Japanese-American internment camps. FOUR YEARZ


Did people in internment camps starve?

No. The Japanese Internment camps were not hurtful, they simply isolated the Japanese from the rest of the country.


What are Japanese American Internment Camps?

See website: Japanese-American internment


Did the Japanese internment camps have closer at some point of time?

did the japanese internment camps have closer at some point of time?


How were Japanese-Americans separated from the outside world when they were in internment camps?

See website: Japanese-American internment camps.


How long did Japanese live in internment camps?

Japanese, German, and Italian Americans lived in Internment camps for four years. ---- ----


What are the pros of the Japanese internment camps?

What are the pros of the Japanese internment camps? to protect what the US saw as a 'threat' after pearl harbor was bombed


What was government logic behind Japanese internment camps?

See website: Japanese-American internment


When did Japanese internment camps take place specifically?

See website: Japanese American internment.


Who were main victims in Japanese internment?

Inherently, Japanese Americans were the main victims of the internment camps.


What is the history of Japanese internment camps?

Japanese internment camps sprung up during World War Two. These camps relocated 110,000 Japanese Americans on the West Coast. The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was a factor in the development of these camps.


How many internment camps for the Japanese were there in all?

There were twelve internment camps for 110,000 Japanese resident aliens and citizens living on the west coast.


Did the Japanese internment camps affect the Japanese people?

yes it did


How did they get the Japanese into internment camps?

Force or threaten the Japanese-People


What were the after effects of the Japanese internment camps?

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