Effects of Industrialization
If we look back at man's achievements through the years, we will find some earthshaking phenomena that have brought about drastic changes in our lifestyle and our values as well.
One such phenomenon was the industrial revolution. In the field of work, the industrial revolution meant mass production where goods were produced in large quantities and production time was cut in half. This resulted on one hand, in the constant supply of goods at lower cost; but, on the contrary, it also meant that there should be a corresponding demand for the products to warrant production.
As a result, products were made not to last long so that there would be a constant need for them. Quality, therefore, gave way to quantity, and we, the buying public, became a throw-away society since there was so much to be had at affordable prices anyway.
The industrial revolution also introduced the assembly line type of production where work assignments were compartmentalized, and specialization in particular phases of the job became the standard procedure to follow. This meant that no single worker worked on one item from start to finish.
While it is true that the worker did become quite efficient in his job, he was nonetheless reduced to a mere cog in the wheel of industry and so a number found no fulfillment in their work which had become so mechanical.
Another earthshaking phenomenon which came as an offshoot of industrialization is urbanization. Persons in search of work flocked to the industrial sites where factories were located. In time, these developed into cities.
Then flocking to urban areas resulted in overcrowding which in turn gave rise to problems of housing and sanitation. With the exodus of more and more people from rural areas to the cities, the congestion became more and more acute, and when the industries were no longer able to absorb into their workforce all the persons searching for a job, unemployment rose, and slum areas and squatter communities mushroomed.
These eventually turned into hotbeds of crime as the unemployed resorted to illegal means to keep body and soul together.
Notwithstanding, all of these facts, industrialization, has spelled progress, at least materially. Industrialization is equated with development. Most, if not all of the developed nations are industrialized countries whereas the developing Third World nations are still on their way to industrialization.
Industrialization, therefore, means material progress, but there is a price to be paid.