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Ancient Rome

What were some of the significant achievements of the Roman Empire?

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2012-07-04 18:54:56

Rome was famous for many things. The spread of Christianity,

development of aqueducts, development of the dome and roads, and

freedom for women are just a few.

They built roads and buildings.

The above answer to what were the significant achievements of

the Roman Empire covers many but not all of Rome's accomplishments;

it leaves off the most important one, written laws. The

reader must remember that any list of Rome's accomplishments must

be seen in the context of the ancient world. Here is a summation of

Rome's legacy:

Roman Law: The legal system of Rome surpassed any

civilization's legal systems that came before Rome. Roman legal

principles have been the foundation of many legal codes throughout

the world, especially in Western Europe. Roman law took hundreds of

years to develop; the 12 Tables of the 5th century BC was its first

codification. As time passed and the small city state of Rome took

on the cloth of empire, 3 legal systems developed. They included

A. Civil Law which covered all Roman citizens. This

of course included all conquered peoples who were granted Roman

citizenship. The latter was historically a new idea. Of all the

civilizations that preceded Rome, non ever allowed people from

conquered nations to attain the same civil rights as a person in

Rome had. As an example, it is said that the apostle Paul, being a

citizen of Rome, escaped many attempts on his life because no trial

could convict him until the last one which found him executed by

Roman law. This legal principle was called the Law of

Peoples.

B. Natural Law. This included all the abstract laws that

were repeatedly codified. Romans had all the laws it practiced

codified ( written )

After the fall of the old Roman Empire, the emperor of the

eastern half, Justinian, compiled all the laws of Roma into what is

called the Justinian Code. .......

Rome also contributed to the advanced military system based on

the Roman legion. The military had a formal and battle tested

method to expand & control the nations that it conquered.

Rome established safe and secure trading routes between the

western and eastern parts of the empire. This allowed trade to

flourish.

Rome created small scale manufacturing which became the basis of

a strong economy.

Rome improved its agricultural economy by developing what we now

practice and call crop rotation.

It's incredible architectural feats are mentioned by the first

writer above, and some of Rome's ancient aqueducts were still

functional into the 20th century.

With the exception of the early Christians, Rome had tolerance

for all religions, including Judaism.


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