What were some of the significant achievements of the Roman Empire?
Rome was famous for many things. The spread of Christianity,
development of aqueducts, development of the dome and roads, and
freedom for women are just a few.
They built roads and buildings.
The above answer to what were the significant achievements of
the Roman Empire covers many but not all of Rome's accomplishments;
it leaves off the most important one, written laws. The
reader must remember that any list of Rome's accomplishments must
be seen in the context of the ancient world. Here is a summation of
Roman Law: The legal system of Rome surpassed any
civilization's legal systems that came before Rome. Roman legal
principles have been the foundation of many legal codes throughout
the world, especially in Western Europe. Roman law took hundreds of
years to develop; the 12 Tables of the 5th century BC was its first
codification. As time passed and the small city state of Rome took
on the cloth of empire, 3 legal systems developed. They included
A. Civil Law which covered all Roman citizens. This
of course included all conquered peoples who were granted Roman
citizenship. The latter was historically a new idea. Of all the
civilizations that preceded Rome, non ever allowed people from
conquered nations to attain the same civil rights as a person in
Rome had. As an example, it is said that the apostle Paul, being a
citizen of Rome, escaped many attempts on his life because no trial
could convict him until the last one which found him executed by
Roman law. This legal principle was called the Law of
B. Natural Law. This included all the abstract laws that
were repeatedly codified. Romans had all the laws it practiced
codified ( written )
After the fall of the old Roman Empire, the emperor of the
eastern half, Justinian, compiled all the laws of Roma into what is
called the Justinian Code. .......
Rome also contributed to the advanced military system based on
the Roman legion. The military had a formal and battle tested
method to expand & control the nations that it conquered.
Rome established safe and secure trading routes between the
western and eastern parts of the empire. This allowed trade to
Rome created small scale manufacturing which became the basis of
a strong economy.
Rome improved its agricultural economy by developing what we now
practice and call crop rotation.
It's incredible architectural feats are mentioned by the first
writer above, and some of Rome's ancient aqueducts were still
functional into the 20th century.
With the exception of the early Christians, Rome had tolerance
for all religions, including Judaism.