answersLogoWhite

0


Best Answer

1. Economic and social differences between the North and the South.

With Eli Whitney's invention of the cotton gin in 1793, cotton became very profitable. This machine was able to reduce the time it took to separate seeds from the cotton. However, at the same time the increase in the number of plantations willing to move from other crops to cotton meant the greater need for a large amount of cheap labor, i.e. slaves. Thus, the southern economy became a one crop economy, depending on cotton and therefore on slavery. On the other hand, the northern economy was based more on industry than agriculture. In fact, the northern industries were purchasing the raw cotton and turning it into finished goods. This disparity between the two set up a major difference in economic attitudes. The South was based on the plantation system while the North was focused on city life. This change in the North meant that society evolved as people of different cultures and classes had to work together. On the other hand, the South continued to hold onto an antiquated social order.

2. States versus federal rights.

Since the time of the Revolution, two camps emerged: those arguing for greater states rights and those arguing that the federal government needed to have more control. The first organized government in the US after the American Revolution was under the Articles of Confederation. The thirteen states formed a loose confederation with a very weak federal government. However, when problems arose, the weakness of this form of government caused the leaders of the time to come together at the Constitutional Convention and create, in secret, the US Constitution. Strong proponents of states rights like Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry were not present at this meeting. Many felt that the new constitution ignored the rights of states to continue to act independently. They felt that the states should still have the right to decide if they were willing to accept certain federal acts. This resulted in the idea of nullification, whereby the states would have the right to rule federal acts unconstitutional. The federal government denied states this right. However, proponents such as John C. Calhoun fought vehemently for nullification. When nullification would not work and states felt that they were no longer respected, they moved towards secession.

3. The fight between Slave and Non-Slave State Proponents.

As America began to expand, first with the lands gained from the Louisiana Purchase and later with the Mexican War, the question of whether new states admitted to the union would be slave or free. The Missouri Compromise passed in 1820 made a rule that prohibited slavery in states from the former Louisiana Purchase the latitude 36 degrees 30 minutes north except in Missouri. During the Mexican War, conflict started about what would happen with the new territories that the US expected to gain upon victory. David Wilmot proposed the Wilmot Proviso in 1846 which would ban slavery in the new lands. However, this was shot down to much debate. The Compromise of 1850 was created by Henry Clay and others to deal with the balance between slave and free states, northern and southern interests. One of the provisions was the fugitive slave act that was discussed in number one above. Another issue that further increased tensions was the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. It created two new territories that would allow the states to use popular sovereignty to determine whether they would be free or slave. The real issue occurred in Kansas where proslavery Missourians began to pour into the state to help force it to be slave. They were called "Border Ruffians." Problems came to a head in violence at Lawrence Kansas. The fighting that occurred caused it to be called "Bleeding Kansas." The fight even erupted on the floor of the senate when antislavery proponent Charles Sumner was beat over the head by South Carolina's Senator Preston Brooks.

4. Growth of the Abolition Movement.

Increasingly, the northerners became more polarized against slavery. Sympathies began to grow for abolitionists and against slavery and slaveholders. This occurred especially after some major events including: the publishing of Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin, the Dred Scott Case, John Brown's Raid, and the passage of the fugitive slave act that held individuals responsible for harboring fugitive slaves even if they were located in non-slave states.

5. The election of Abraham Lincoln.

Even though things were already coming to a head, when Lincoln was elected in 1860, South Carolina issued its "Declaration of the Causes of Secession." They believed that Lincoln was anti-slavery and in favor of Northern interests. Before Lincoln was even president, seven states had seceded from the Union: South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas.

User Avatar

Wiki User

โˆ™ 2011-06-07 21:57:28
This answer is:
๐Ÿ™
0
๐Ÿคจ
0
๐Ÿ˜ฎ
0
User Avatar
Study guides
๐Ÿ““
See all Study Guides
โœ๏ธ
Create a Study Guide

Add your answer:

Earn +20 pts
Q: What were the causes of Civil War?
Write your answer...
Submit
Related questions

Civil war in Liberia?

what was the causes of Liberia Civil War??


What are the causes of human suffering during the civil war?

it wasnt a civil war.


What are four causes of the Civil War?

It would depend greatly on which civil war.


What are some causes of the modern day-civil war?

There is no civil war on today.


Who causes the civil war?

me


What are the three causes of the Civil War?

There were several causes of the American Civil War. These causes include slavery, the Dred Scott Decision, and state rights.


What are the thee main causes of the Civil War?

Depends on which civil war - there have been many.


Causes of the Civil War and outcome?

Please specify which Civil War, there are a lot to choose from....


What was one of the causes of the Mexican War?

The Civil War


What are the causes for the civil war?

SLAVERY .


Can you have a 3 page paper on the causes of the civil war?

Yes, you can have as many pages as you need to express the information and history of the causes of the civil war.


What were the four causes of american industrial growth after the civil war?

Causes of industrial growth after the Civil War were an increase in the steel industry and the growth of railroads.


What actors and actresses appeared in Causes of the Civil War - 1996?

The cast of Causes of the Civil War - 1996 includes: Margaret Peters as Herself (historian)


What state caused the Civil War?

The causes of the civil war were complex. Not just one state caused it


What were the causes of the compromise of 1850?

the civil war.


What are the min causes for the Civil war?

SLAVERY .


Four causes of the Civil War?

the four root causes of civil war where slavery, westward expansion, north vs. south and national gov. vs. states.


What were the 3 causes the Civil War?

Three Proximate Causes of the Civil War are John Brown's Raid on Harper's Ferry, Lincoln's Election, and the Secession of the Confederate States.


Was the Civil War a war to end slavery from the beginning?

No. The root causes of the American Civil War were economic (taxation) and political (states' rights).


What were the main causes of surrender of the American Civil War?

The main causes of surrender during the American Civil War are the same reason for surrender in any other war,... one side overwhelms the other.


What are some historical causes for the civil war?

some historical causes of the civil war were slavery and the splitting of the country people wanted to keep it together whcih caused it to split


What was the causes of the civil war?

One of the causes was the North and South's differing views on slavery.


What were the causes of the united states civil war?

The US civil war was started because of the whole slavery issue. The north was against it, and the south was for it. The states fought, and the civil war was started.


What where the causes of the sierra Leone civil war?

diamons and government


What were 3 of the causes of the civil war?

Sectionalism, Federalism, and Slavery