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What were the changes made at Vatican II?

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Certainly the most important changes made at Vatican II were to the Catholic Church's teaching or doctrine on the dignity of man and the absolute right of all to religious freedom, unhindered by state or Church.

The previous declarations on these issues were contained in the Syllabus of Errors, issued by Pius IX in 1864, in response to the Enlightenment. It was considered by Catholic theologians as having binding force, although opinion was divided as to whether each and every statement defined in the Syllabus as false was infallibly false. It condemned as false statements requiring separation of Church and state, as well as all statements in support of religious freedom. In states where Catholics are in the minority, they have the right to public worship. In states where others faiths are in the minority, they have no right to public worship because only the true faith has the right to public worship.

Perez Zagorin (How the Idea of Religious Toleration Came to the West) considers the Declaration on Religious Freedom, passed by the Council in December 1965, to be an accomplishment of world importance. It signified a complete reversal of the Catholic Church's former inimical attitude to toleration and announced its adherence to religious freedom as a universal principle and contemporary obligation and necessity. Fiercely debated and meeting with considerable resistance from some Vatican officials and a number of bishops, it states, "the human person has a right to religious freedom." It asserts that all men are to be immune from coercion by individuals, social groups, or any human power, so that "In matters religious no one is forced to act in a manner contrary to his own beliefs. Nor is anyone to be restrained from acting in accordance with his own beliefs, whether privately or publicly, whether alone or in association with others, within due limits." Furthermore, "the right of parents are violated, if their children are forced to attend lessons or instructions which are not in agreement with their religious beliefs."

The Declaration also acknowledged that the Church had acted at times in ways "which were less in accord with the gospel and even opposed to it," but does not express any contrition or apology for the Church's record of religious persecution.
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The Second Vatican Council (commonly called Vatican II) called for a modernization of some church practices as a means of opening a dialogue with the world and better spreading the good news of the Gospel. Contrary to some belief, Vatican II changed no doctrines of the Church, since doctrine can never change. One of the most visible changes resulting froim Vatican II was the celebration of the Mass in the vernacular (i.e., current languages such as English, Spanish, French, etc., depending on the country) instead of Latin. Another was a new emphasis on the role of the laity (non-ordained persons) in the life of the Church.


The vernacular - The language of the church was Latin. But the Vatican brought about change by bringing in the vernacular (native tongue) being English into the church. Having the church in the one language everywhere made catholics welcome across the world uniting them together
The priest faced the laity - During the ceremony the priest used to face the altar and say the mass with his back to the people. The Second Vatican Council changed this so that the priest faced the people connecting them with God.
The Eucharist is received on the hand - Communion (Eucharist) used to be received on the tongue as no one was allowed to touch the host, even if it fell on the floor the priest would have to pick it up. Communion is now received in the hand and we are allowed to touch the host
Laity are involved in the mass - the laity are now involved in the mass not just the men. They can be altar servers, sing, read, or give out the host. This brought the people together as they were able to connect as one catholic body with God

A few changes were the masses were now said in English, not Latin. The Priest faces the parish during the mass, and the Church supposedly started accepting the other religions and respecting them.

The Mass is in English only in those countries where the language is spoken. The Mass is in whatever the local language happens to be.
Mainly it was the modernizing of the Church.
  • Rather than speaking Latin, the language of the Mass became the vernacular (The language of the people/religion)
  • Format of the Mass
    - Responses were changed
    - Readings were changed
    - Altar was not at the back
    -priest faced the congregation during the Mass.
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When did Vatican II start?

The Vatican II (2) was in session from October 11, 1962 until December 8, 1965.

Who is Jesus in post Vatican II?

Jesus is the same, yesterday, today, and tomorrow. (Heb 13:8). So, who is Jesus? He is true God and True Man, coeternal with the Father and the Holy Spirit. He is risen from the dead for the salvation of his people. He is really, sacramentally present in the Eucharist through the ministry of the Ch ( Full Answer )

What year was Vatican II?

The Second Vatican Council happened in the first half of the 1960's a little over three years: It opened under Pope John XXIII on 11 October 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI on 8 December 1965.

Why were some of the changes being made at the Second Vatican Council?

There was an attempt to update or modernize ( without once using the word Progress or Modernist!) Church doctrine and life issues. Aggiornamento- Living in the Present tense is an approximate translation, was the order of the day, Updating, perhaps. Latin was all-but discarded as a liturgical langua ( Full Answer )

What were the changes made to the Church by the Second Vatican Council?

A: The Second Vatican Council is most well known for changes to the liturgy of the Catholic Mass, but most of all it changed the Catholic Church's teaching on the dignity of man and the absolute right of all to religious freedom, unhindered by state or Church. The previous declarations on these ( Full Answer )

What changes were made to communion after Vatican 2?

No changes were made to the Eucharist itself by the Second Vatican Council. The doctrine of transubstantiation, or the changing of the essence of bread and wine into the essence of the Body and Blood of Christ is still the same. The only differences were to the liturgy. These included the language o ( Full Answer )

What was Vatican II?

Vatican II - the Second Vatican Council - was a General Council ofthe Catholic Church. All Catholic bishops, plus observers fromOrthodox and Protestant Churches, theologians and other experts,were invited to meet over the course of four years to discuss anumber of issues regarding the updating of th ( Full Answer )

Did Vatican II change the name of CCD to faith formation?

No, the Second Vatican Council did not do that. "CCD" was the nameof a Confraternity established in Rome in the sixteenth century Confraternity of Christian Doctrine . To the bestof my knowledge, it is still there and still issues materials. Mostof the Catechetical materials used in English speaking ( Full Answer )

What are five changes made as a result of Vatican II?

in briefly their order of shall we say, impact on the man or woman in the pew. l. change of language of worship to phase out Latin. 2. the celebrant ( usually a priest) facing the congregation at all times - and co-tangent with this the advent of a new, flat table type of altar, sometimes called the ( Full Answer )

What happened after Vatican Council II?

After the Vatican Council II closed, the Popes started to implementthe changes that were asked for by the Council. They are still inthe process of that in the early 21st century, and will be at itfor another fifty years. The Church doesn't move on the same timeschedule as the modern world.

Why did some think changes made by Vatican 2 a disaster?

Actually, very few people think the changes made by the SecondVatican Council were a "disaster". Even fewer people have actuallyread the documents and know what the Council said. Unfortunately,in the fifty years after the Second Vatican Council mostof the changes that were made, were "in the spir ( Full Answer )

When did the Vatican II end?

The Second Vatican Council officially ended on the feast of the Immaculate Conception of Mary, 1965.

What were the changes to baptism made by Vatican II?

Baptism is a sacrament of the Church. It has been dogmatically and doctrinally defined long ago. No "changes" to baptism occurred, to my knowledge and investigation. This includes but is not limited to, questions regarding the position of the Church as pertains to Protestant baptisms, ceremonial rit ( Full Answer )

Why did the Vatican II end?

Because the Bishops had accomplished what they set out to do and voted to officially end the Council.

Where was Vatican Council II held?

The council was held mostly at the Vatican but some meetings were held at other venues in and around Rome.

What three changes resulted from Vatican II?

De-emphasis on ritual and statuary- which hit the ecclesiastical Wares firms like a bombing raid!- the advent of the so-called Flying Washboard Altar- where the celebrant faces the congregation throughout the Mass. The phase out of Latin as the official ritual language of worship ( point two) Modifi ( Full Answer )

What were the changes to the Eucharist at Vatican II?

Roman Catholic Answer, wait, just call this my viewpoint: In many ways, when the Vatican was redoing the Mass (the Eucharist), they were trying to get back to the way it was done in the first several centuries of the Church. They tried to remove things that they thought had been added for no good r ( Full Answer )

How has the Church changed before and after the Vatican II Council through the liturgy?

Traditional Mass (followed since the earliest days of the Church) . New Mass (1969 and later) . Mass was the solemn worship of God offered as a "sacrifice" for our sins. Mass now more of a memorial, instructional service or meeting. Mass said in Latin for centuries. Mass inaccurately translated ( Full Answer )

What are five changes came about from Vatican Council II?

The Mass is said in the vernacular minor orders the position of sub deacon were abolished Extraordinary Ministers of the Eucharist were created The priests faces the people when offering Mass and the people participate the conditions for indulgences were changed

What were the issues of Vatican II?

The Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican , or Vatican II , was the twenty-first Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church. It opened under Pope John XXIII on October 11, 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI on December 8, 1965. At least four future pontiffs took part in the council's openi ( Full Answer )

When was Vatican Council II held?

The Second Vatican Council opened under Pope John XXIII on 11 October 1962 and closed under Pope Paul VI on 8 December 1965. As the name implies, it was convened in the Vatican.

How did Vatican II change Marriage?

While it covered an enormous arc of religious doctrines and para-religious subjects ( such as church music, etc) Vatican II had little or no impact on Section V of the Canon Law- that dealing with the Matrimonial laws and practices. Direct oppositional language to other faiths was, of course toned d ( Full Answer )

What are the changes made in the mass following Vatican II?

Visible and audible: language of liturgy changed to local vernacular- in the case of the United States- English. Celebrant faces the congregation- which brought about the flat topped or ( Flying washboard) altars. Some minor changes in customs and practices not directly liturgical- statuary toned do ( Full Answer )

What was the reason for the Vatican II?

Blessed Pope John XXIII wanted to bring the Church into the 20th century and make the message of Christ's salvation available and attractive to all people, for this reason, in his opening address, he asked the Council to find new ways to communicate the beauty of the faith to peoples. The complete d ( Full Answer )

What did the Vatican Council II do to the Mass?

Many older Catholics who grew up in the Church before Vatican II feel the Mass has been desecrated and turned into little more than a Protestantized social gathering. The solemnity, mystery, beauty and the sacredness of the Catholic sacred worship has been turned into a ridiculous sing along which s ( Full Answer )

What are 10 changes made after Vatican II?

1. New Mass 2. Revised rites for the Sacraments 3. New Code of Canon Law 4. Restoration of the Permanent Diaconate 5. Reformation of the Church Calendar 6. Relaxation of Dietary Restrictions 7. Church trying to interact with the modern world through modern technology 8. More emphasis o ( Full Answer )

How did Vatican II change the Catholic church?

Mass in English and priest facing the people. Catholic Answer Vatican Council II, for the first time in history, was an entirely pastoral council. Of the twenty-one ecumenical councils of the Church, Vatican Council II was the only one to not deal with any doctrinal issues. The task assigned to ( Full Answer )

What changes made in Mass by the Second Vatican Council?

Technically the Council did not make any changes to the Mass during any of the meeting periods. The changes to the Mass came in 1969-1970 after the Council ended in 1965 by Pope Paul VI. He revised the Mass to be a little simpler and understandable to the Catholic faithful meaning he allowed the opt ( Full Answer )

Was Vatican II surprising?

Yes, indeed. The Church and people were surprised that Pope JohnXXIII, a "caretaker" pope had called a council at all. Then therewas the battle royal between the Orthodox Catholic bishops and theModernists. The most surprising part of all was the fact that theCouncil was basically ignored after it w ( Full Answer )

When was Vatican II implemented?

It has been fifty years since the Council issued its last document, and the sad truth is that it is just now starting to be implemented. Most of the things that have happened in the past fifty years were NOT called for by the Council, but were done in the "spirit of Vatican II". The current Holy Fat ( Full Answer )

Why are conservative Catholics so opposed to and angry about the changes that resulted from Vatican II?

Vatican II changed a lot of the customs and traditions of theCatholic Church and its faithful. For example, prior to Vatican II,all masses had to be said in Latin and meat was forbidden to eat onevery Friday around the year. When Vatican II met, a lot of moreliberal priests, bishops, and cardinals i ( Full Answer )

What were the return to sources in Vatican II?

Returning to the sources was not from the Second Vatican Council,it was a paper issued by Archbishop Piero Marini on the occasion ofa symposium on a new set of volumes Monumenta LiturgicaConcilii Tridentini at the Salesian Institute of the SacredHeart in Rome on 23 March 2006. You may read it at t ( Full Answer )

What was addressed at the Vatican II?

Catholic Answer The Second Vatican Council covered numerous topics including SacredScripture, the Church in the modern world, etc. This topic is waytoo broad to cover in WikiAnswers. The documents are at the linkbelow:

Why did Vatican II change the mass?

The Second Vatican Council, itself, did not change the Mass. The Second Vatican Council, as you can read for yourself in the constitution on the Sacred Liturgy (at the link below) called for a "general reform of the sacred liturgy" but specifically noted: "For the liturgy is made up of unchangeab ( Full Answer )

Was the tradition of women covering their head changed due to Vatican II?

No, women's fashions just changed - a lot, and women stoppedwearing hats, much less wearing them to Church. Also, at the sametime women stopped wearing mantillas, this change was reflected inthe new Code of Canon Law issued in 1983, it no longer mandatedwomen covering their heads.

Did the doctrines of the Catholic Church change with Vatican II?

Yes and No. It depends on how you mean "doctrines." Some of what the church teaches is considered dogma - central truths of the faith that are revealed by God. These cannot and did not change, but our understanding of them, and thus the way the Church describes them, can and does change. In this se ( Full Answer )

Was Vatican II successful?

Vatican Council II was the twenty-first ecumenical Council of the Church. Ecumenical Council, if approved by the reigning Holy Father, be definition, are led by the Holy Spirit, and thus are outside our judgment as mere mortals. Whether it was implemented correctly is a whole different story.

What are some of the significant contributions made by Vatican II to the world?

A: The Second Vatican Council made its most significant contribution to the world outside the Church itself, by declaring that the Catholic Church does not hold the right to determine what non-Catholics should believe, how they should worship or what religious instructions their children should re ( Full Answer )

How did the sacraments change after Vatican II?

The sacraments, by definition, were given to us by Our Blessed Lord, Jesus Christ, to impart grace to the faithful. They cannot change in essence, so the only way that they have changed is that some of the externals have been modified and it is now permitted to celebrate them in the vernacular with ( Full Answer )

What are some of the key changes made during Vatican II. how does this relate to Ecumenism?

The goals of the Second Vatican Council, as enumerated by Pope John XXIII when he opened the Council, including making the message of the Gospel more accessible to people, it included a real effort to reach out to both our separated brethren, the protestants, with whom we had been at odds because we ( Full Answer )

What were the changes Philip II made in his army?

Philip II established an army of full-time, well-paid, highly skilled soldiers. He developed new weapons for his army: catapult machines - that could throw burning spears or rocks over walls; battering rams - that could smash through strong gates. He improved the Greek phalanx into 16 lines, in whic ( Full Answer )

What Does Vatican II tell about Celibacy?

Pope Paul VI addressed this question in full at the end of the Second Vatican Council, he issued Sacerdotalis Caelibatus which covered all the different facets of priestly celibacy. That it was from the ancient Church, that is has a deep theological significance, and that the Church is not about to ( Full Answer )

What changes after Vatican II regarding fish on Fridays?

The Second Vatican Council, itself, made no changes to Friday abstinence, although Pope Paul VI, streamlined, and explicated the reasons for Friday abstinence. He also allowed, with specific permission from the Vatican, individual Bishops' Conferences to allow individuals to substitute some other pe ( Full Answer )