What were the doors made out of in the Middle Ages?

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Doors were made from oak planks which were initially split from the trunk of a tree.

Carpenters would split a trunk many times along its entire length using axes, wedges and huge wooden mallets. This produced long, narrow sheets of timber that were fairly rough on both sides. They would then split these into planks and smooth the surfaces using a side axe or T-axe held close to the surface, much like using a plane or chisel.

For doors, floorboards and tables these planks were simply nailed to cross-beams and butted together tightly, again using an axe to straighten out the edges and create a tight fit.

Church doors and doors within castles or manor-houses were built more strongly, with two layers of planks, one vertical and the other horizontal, fixing the layers together with huge rose-headed iron nails (all hand-made by a blacksmith); these nails were then clenched over on the inner side, creating a riveted effect. Iron hinges with long, decorated straps were also made by the blacksmith.

Many medieval English oak church doors survive today thanks to their robust method of manufacture almost 900 years ago.
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What was the weapons billhook made of in middle ages?

Billhooks were made of steel. They were agricultural tools made for cutting and pruning, with a curve in the blade and the inside edge sharpened, as it is on a sickle, but rather more heavily built. The weapon was made by attaching the agricultural billhook to a pole, and if there was a spear point ( Full Answer )

How was stained glass made in the middle ages?

Stained Glass was made by ironed metallic oxide salt were added into the mix wich was used to color it! Gold would create a red shape copper would create a grennish-blue and so on and so on

Who made the weapons in the Middle Ages?

In the middle ages there were men called "stariosis" men that worked day and night making weapons for the knights that fought in battles. The Starosis use to get paid 70 coins a day for all their hard work. The Starosis were also very close friends with the king and one of the Starosis called Jarodd ( Full Answer )

Who made stained glass windows in the middle ages?

A twelfth century German monk known as Theophilus was the firstknown expert on stained glass. The glass was prepared by sand andwood ash, then colored with powdered metal added to the moltenglass mixture. Sharp details were created by the use of blackpaint.

About the middle ages?

The Middle Ages is also known as the Medieval Times .It started with the fall of Western Roman Empire in 476 and ended with the fall of Constantinople,the capital of Easthern Roman Empire in 1453. After the fall of Western Roman Empire,many kingdoms were set in the Western Europe.It's ruled by king ( Full Answer )

What were books made of in the Middle Ages?

During the entire Middle Ages, books were copied by hand, and this was laborious and very expensive work. In the Early Middle Ages, books were originally on papyrus or vellum and in the form of scrolls. Later on, but still in the Early Middle Ages, books took the more modern form of folded pages sew ( Full Answer )

What were buildings made out of in the Middle Ages?

Many medieval buildings were made of stone. Dressed stone was used for churches, cathedrals, monasteries, castles, palaces, and manor houses. Field stone was used in some places for cottages. In places where stone was unavailable, brick was used, even for castles. Many buildings were made of tim ( Full Answer )

Why were more scientific advancements made during the Renaissance than the Middle ages?

I really don't believe there were more scientific advances during the Renaissance than during the Middle Ages. To check this impression, I looked at the lists of technologies of the two periods in Wikipedia. The inventions listed as being of the Middle Ages seem more important and certainly far ou ( Full Answer )

Who made weapons and armour in the middle age?

Weapons and armor were made by an armorer. Or at least that was the theory; many weapons were originally scythes, sickles, pitchforks, and the like, and were the product of village blacksmiths.

What were homes made of in the Middle Ages?

The materials used for making houses varied according to place, time, and the social status of the person who it was built for. One common material used for construction was wattle and daub. In this construction, a frame was built, often of timber, and the open areas of the walls were filled with w ( Full Answer )

Why were so many houses made out of stone in the middle ages?

Actually, they are the ones we see today because they have survived time since they are made of stone, but a majority of the houses were waddle. Waddle is a combination of mud, straw, dung, and other things. It was put on by hand on a frame and allowed to dry. Then, it was painted over with a white ( Full Answer )

What were weapons made out of in the middle ages?

There were many different kinds of weapons in the Middle Ages. Some were made to be weapons, but a very large number were made by adapting agricultural tools. Swords and axes were made of steel, but maces, war hammers, and war picks were made of iron or other materials, sometimes lead in the case of ( Full Answer )

Who made the armor that the knights wore during the Middle Ages?

I think blacksmiths made the armor by blacksmithing, which was illegal because (i think) it was the armor they produced. They armor wasnt hard and only took a few days to make unlike whitesmithing. Go to www.livesteelarmor.com/how/cas.cas.htm

Who made cathedral's in the middle ages?

The Catholic church built all of the major cathedrals with the help of wealthy men and by selling indulgences (the selling of forgiveness of sins, and saints bones).

What advances were made in math during the Middle Ages?

Probably the biggest advance in math in medieval Europe was the adoption of Arabic numerals. The profound effect of this is difficult to imagine, and has been largely forgotten as we take them for granted.

Who made the laws in the Middle Ages?

Just as today, there are national laws and local laws. In the Middle Ages, the national laws were normally made by monarchs, and the local laws were made by local lords. There were Church laws, and these were made by the popes.

In the middle ages what group made up the majority of the population?

During the Middle Ages, the great majority of people were peasant farmers. Most of these were serfs, though in some places there were slaves, and some of the farmers were free and owned their own land. Serfs were neither free nor slaves. They could not be bought or sold. They were bound to the land ( Full Answer )

What were the churches made out of in the middle ages?

What churches were made out of depended on the time and place. Many, perhaps most, churches were built of stone. In places where there was no stone, churches were often built of brick. Some churches were built of wood with timbered construction, and some of these had the open areas filled with wattl ( Full Answer )

Could sugar be made in England in the middle ages?

The historic record on sugar suggests that the English did not make sugar during the middle ages. Sugar cane would not have grown there. Beets were not used for sugar until after the middle ages. The production of sugar from tree sap was unknown until learned from natives in North America. And there ( Full Answer )

What made the middle ages a chaotic period in history?

Much of the chaos of the Middle Ages was the result of invasions of various people in the Age of Migrations. But that was only in the first quarter of the Middle Ages. I really do not think the Middle Ages were much more chaotic that most other ages once that time was over.

Where were carts made in the middle ages?

The 12th century writer Alexander Neckham gives a first-hand description of the carts used at his time: "The wheels are joined by an axletree, each on a different side. The axletree at the ends s encircled by a hub. The axle pins should be firmly fixed. Into the hub spokes are fitted, radiating o ( Full Answer )

Who made carts in the Middle Ages?

In the Middle Ages, the bodies of the carts were made by people called cartwrights. The wheels required special skills and were made by people called wheelwrights.

When was an important technological invention made in the middle ages?

There were quite a few important inventions in the middle ages. To choose one, my personal favorite is the chimney, which was invented in Northern Europe in the 11th or 12th century, and which made it possible for people to have fireplaces for the first time in history. Of course, I would not belitt ( Full Answer )

Who made the gold coins in the middle ages?

There was a great deal of variation in who made coins, even within a single country. All coinage of most countries was at least theoretically under the control of the king. The kings delegated authority to make coins to moneyers, or mint masters, but also to some other people, such as counts or bis ( Full Answer )

What were middle age catapults made of?


What technology invention were made in the middle ages?

The biggest technological advance of the middle ages - in fact the event that effectively ended the middle ages and ushered in the Renaissance, was the invention of the printing press by Gutenberg.

How were bolts of cloth made in the middle ages?

the history of clothing is detailed in a timeline charting the history of fashion through the Medieval era of the Middle Ages. An overview of the major changes in dress and clothing are detailed in the link to Medieval fashion.

How was a cross bow made in the Middle Ages?

Like all aspects of medieval life, crossbow technology changed and evolved over time. The earliest medieval crossbows (called balastre or torkeis in Anglo-Norman French) were brought to England by the Normans in 1066 and remained an important military weapon after that time (despite being con ( Full Answer )

Who made the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles in the middle ages?

The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles are several documents created by monks in various parts of Saxon England to record the major events of each year - almost like journals or diaries. The Winchester Manuscript (Corpus Christi College ms 173) is the oldest one of the surviving documents, produced by many d ( Full Answer )

What is the ink made of in the middle ages?

There were many recipes for ink. One called for soot and a binder, such as a thin glue. Another was iron salts and tannin from natural sources, mixed with a binder. Yet other inks were made from vegetable stains. There is a link below to the history section of an article on ink.

Who made inventions in the Middle Ages?

All sorts of people invented things during the Middle Ages, but we nearly never know exactly who they were, because the work they did was nearly always anonymous. For the most part, they were people who had skills in their crafts. I will give a few examples. During the Early Middle Ages, someone in ( Full Answer )

How was fire made in the middle ages?

From the Iron age up to the 19th century in Europe fire was produced with flint and steel, so in the medieval period this would have been the common means of starting a fire: . take a flake of flint large enough to hold comfortably in the fingers of one hand. . take a piece of mild steel shaped ( Full Answer )

How was leather made in the middle ages?

Leather is the skin of animals: deer, cow, calf, sheep and goat were the main animals used, but others were sometimes added to this list. Leather had to be processed to prevent it rotting; sheep, goat and calfskin was often simply part-rotted, de-haired and scraped clean of fat and flesh, then wa ( Full Answer )

What were the beds made from in the middle ages?

The majority of the population slept on the floor on a pile of straw, perhaps with woollen blankets for warmth. People with more money (wealthy merchants, tradesmen, noblemen and royalty) could afford more furniture, including wooden-framed beds. The writer Alexander Neckham described a typica ( Full Answer )

How was pewter it made in the Middle Ages?

Pewter is an alloy of metals, mostly of tin, with small amounts of copper, lead, bismuth, and antimony. It is both malleable and has a low melting point, allowing for both hammering and casting. Medieval pewter appears to have been tin mixed with a small amount of copper, and then an variable amoun ( Full Answer )

How were coins made in the Middle Ages?

In England, where the quality,size and production of coins was strictly controlled, the process was fairly simple. For silver pennies in the 12th century (to take a typical example) the minter would have a hammer, a two-part coin die and a supply of silver blanks which he had very carefully cast ( Full Answer )

What happened to a novice after he made his vows in the middle ages?

Throughout western Europe the ceremony for admitting new brethren was different in each area and in each monastic Order, but the underlying theme was the same. Final vows were four in number: poverty, chastity and obedience, plus stability (vowing to always remain within the monastery and never w ( Full Answer )

When was the farm Flails made in middle ages?

Threshing flails go back long before the medieval period - they were used in the ancient Roman Empire, in Classical Greece and in ancient Egypt, as well as many other places. Threshing flails continued to be made and used all through the medieval period and up to the 19th century, when machiner ( Full Answer )

What were beds in the Middle Ages made of?

Coconut shell fiber, of a sheet of wood on four on 4 legs just like today's, with a thin mattress. Or a thicker one for royal or a rich family those day's.

How was a bible made in middle ages?

For most of the middle ages books were made by hand. The text was written by a trained scribe (in the case of a bible probably a monk) and decorations and illustration were added by artists. Because for the large amount of man hours needed to produce them, books were expensive, and were found mostly ( Full Answer )