What were the main points of President Woodrow Wilson' s peace plan?
Woodrow Wilson put forward a plan called the "Fourteen Points" as a basis for establishing lasting peace and prosperity after World War One in many countries. The main points of the peace plan was the usage of open covenants of peace, which there shall not be any "private international understandings of any kind", no secret or hidden alliances between countries that played a part in the war, as it brought a localised conflict into a global war. There should also be absolute freedom of navigation across the seas, in peace or in war. Removal of economical barriers and establishment of equality of trade conditions among all countries is enforced. He also encourages the reduction of arms amongst the world powers, reducing the chances of an arm race breaking out. Relocation of territories to former territories is emphasised to quell resentment and to supress riots among discontented countries. Also, "a general association of nations" must be formed after the war that would resolve international problems through negotiation, arms reduction and through the use of force against the aggressors as the last resort. The League of Nations was an expression of the world's hopes and determination to prevent another world war, and was the centrepiece of Wilson's ideals and plans to promote global peace and security. However, he could not get the votes from his own government as the US Senate supported the policy of isolationism, meaning that they did not want USA to become involved in another world affairs that require their young men to fight another war again. The abscence of this big power was a huge blow to the organisation, and severely weakened its credibility and structure, and power to control.