Sometimes the terms concentration camp and extermination (or death) camp are, misleadingly, used interchangeably. The sole purpose of extermination camps (death camps) was to kill (usually by gassing).
Most larger concentration camps had several satellite or sub-camps. There were also several small, temporary concentration camps. If one includes all these as well as transit camps and the small number of specialized camps (for example for unruly children), the Nazis ran a total of nearly 1,500 concentration camps in Germany and German-occupied countries. (It is not possible to list them all here, but under the answer there is a link to a full list). For these purposes a concentration camp is a one run by the SS (or in 1933-34) the SA.
Concentration camps were:
In addition, there were transit camps, where prisoners were held till they could be sent elsewhere.Extermination (death) campsThe extermination (death) camps were:
These extermination camps were all in Poland.
In addition, Maly Trostenets (near Minsk, Belarus) and Bronnaya Gora (also in Belarus) were extermination camps, but they are not well known as there are no known survivors.
The Auschwitz group of camps and Majdanek were 'dual purpose' camps: they had sections that functioned as extremely brutal hard labour camps, and also a section that was an extermination (death camp). In fact, Auschwitz-Birkenau (also called Auschwitz II) was the largest death camp of all.
The death toll in 'ordinary' concentration camps was high, but over 80% of the inmates of Dachau (a concentration camp) emerged alive; however, Belzec (an extermination camp where 434,500 Jews and an unknown number of Roma and others were gassed) had only two(!) known survivors. There was a real difference.
The number of 'ordinary' camps main camps was about 24. If one includes all the satellite camps and temporary camps, the total was a staggering 1,500 camps. (There is a link below, giving the full list compiled by the Federal German Ministry of Justice. Many of them are not well known in Western Europe and the U.S. However, the last column gives the main camp (or Stammlager) to which the various smaller camps were attached).
In addition, there were transit and collection camps, where people were held temporarily until the SS had a train load of victims to send on to other camps. There were also a few camps for 'unruly' and 'difficult' children aged 12+ (later 8+).
Note the German Wikipedia list (click link below), which is very thorough and includes the early camps, many of which were shut down later, such as Columbia-Haus, Berlin. In addition, in 1967 the Federal German Ministry of Justice compiled a list of all concentration camps - and the total comes to about 1,500. (See link below).
Towards the end of the war conditions in most concentration camps deteriorated sharply.
Have a look at Martin Gilbert's Atlas of the Holocaust.
Please see the related questions.
The name of concentration camps were Auschwitz.
Extermination Concentraion Labor
Dachau and Ravensbruch <><><><> There were more than 40 Concentration camps, including 11 that were extermination camps.
Any number of things took place in concentration camps. See the answer for the following question, "What were the names and locations of Nazi concentration camps and extermination or death camps?" here on answer.com. it does a good job of answering this question, and explaining, "concentration camp" doesn't always refer to the death camps you are probably thinking of.
Check out the related links and you will find those facts and figures within the documents named.___Actually, the only concentration camp on Austrian soilwere those in the Mauthausen group of camps, which included Gusen and Ebensee. These were among the very harshest Nazi camps (Grade III).
Yes. Hitler actively supported, facilitated, and developed the Final Solution which was responsible for the systematic murder of Jews. A critical part of the Final Solution was the creation of massive centers for these murders. They have several different names, such as Death Camps, Concentration Camps, Extermination Camps, etc. but they were all engineered to the same end.
There were many concentration camps established and run by the Nazis during WW2, in various countries. Two of the most familiar names among such camps were Belsen (Bergen-Belsen) and Auschwitz (Auschwitz-Birkenau). A list of Nazi concentration and extermination camps, along with other information and references can be found at Wikipedia, here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_concentration_camps
There is no list of names. Jews in territory under Nazi control were either: Shot in mass open-air shootings or sent to extermination camps where they were usually gassed soon after arrival or sent to 'ordinary' concentration camps, where most of them were worked to death on grossly inadequate food.
Dachau (near Munich)Buchenwald (near Weimar)Sachsenhausen (near Berlin)
Please see the related question below.
See related link.
It didnt matter what names were their, if you was a jew or a non german aryan then you were sent to concentration camps. if their was a jew named Kock in it then he/she would be put in concentration camps
Auschwitz II (Birkenau) was one of the Nazi extermination camps. (It did not contain five separate 'death camps').Please see the related question.
See the attached link.
Have a look at the related question.
Please see the list in the link.
The extermination (death) camps, that is camps which existed solely for killing people (in most cases by gassing) were as follows:ChelmnoAuschwitz II (much of the Birkenau section); the other sections of Auschwitz were very harsh concentration camps, where the prisoners were worked to death on insufficient food.Treblinka II (Treblinka I was an older, harsh concentration camp)Majdanek (one section only; the other part was a very harsh concentration camp. It appears that Majdanek was used as a 'back up' to the other extermination camps when they were killing at full capacity).BelzecSobibor(Belzec had only 2 (!) known survivors and 434,508 Jews and an unknown number of Roma/Sinti and others were murdered there. Chelmno also had only 2 known survivors, and a death toll of about 152,000).All these camps were in Poland, which was were most of the Jews under Nazi rule lived. The Auschwitz group of camps (taken as whole) and Majdanek (taken as a whole) were extremely harsh concentration camps with large sections that functioned as extermination (death) camps. In other words, they were dual purpose camps.Maly Trostenets (near Minsk, in Belarus) is generally regarded as an extermination (death) camp. There are no known survivors at all from this camp. Janowska (near Lviv - also known as Lvov or Lemberg) in Ukraine is often also listed as an extermination camp.(There was yet another death camp, in the Independent State of Croatia. It was at Jasenovac, but it was operated by the Croatian Ustasi, not the Nazis).Most 'ordinary' concentration had a high death toll, but that does not in itself make them extermination (death) camps in the above sense.____The Jewish Virtual Library is an excellent source for information on thissubject. They identify seven "Major" death or "Annihilation" camps.They are Auschwitz/Birkenau in Poland, Belzec in Poland, Chelmno also inPoland, Janowska in the Ukraine, Majdanek in Poland, Sobibor in Polandand Treblinka in Poland. Concentration Camps in Germany, where deathalso happened were "primarily" work or transit camps.See the Related Questions for information about Nazi concentration camps.
they are called concentration camps
there were many, the worst was Dachau, Bergen-Belsen these were death camps, also, Struthof, Treblinka, and many more.
All four are the names of different kinds of Nazi camps. * Dachau and Buchenwald were 'ordinary' concentration camps. (Dachau was a Grade I concentration camp, Buchenwald was Grade II - in other words, harsher). * Ravensbrück was a concentration camp for women only. * The Birkenau section of Auschwitz was mainly an extermination camp that carried out mass gassings on a vast scale, but it also included the main hard labour camp for women in the Auschwitz complex of camps.
Dachau, Auswitz, Sobibor
Most Jews from Western Europe, Poland and Hungary were sent to extermination camps and gassed as soon as practical after arrival. Most Jews in the Ukraine, Lithuania and Latvia were shot in mass open-air shootings ... The proportion of Jews 'selected' for work was much smaller, and this happened mainly at Auschwitz. (From late 1944 on, many inmates at Auschwitz were moved to Buchenwald and Belsen). Some Jews had been sent to camps early as political subversives, rather than as Jews, and these tended to be at Dachau and Buchenwald. For the names of the extermination camps, please see the related question.
No, but there are various names projects under way.