What were the names of the 6 convict ships in the First Fleet?
The actual convict ships of the First Fleet were:
- The Alexander
- The Charlotte
- The Friendship
- Lady Penrhyn
- Prince of Wales
Yes, but it was two years before the Second Fleet arrived in 1790. This, too, was essentially a convict fleet, with some free settlers. No other transport ships came in between 1788 and 1790. The Third Fleet followed, but it was not until after that when free settlers' ships began to arrive more regularly.
The First Fleet was important, or rather significant, because it brought the first permanent European settlers to Australia. The ships of the First Fleet brought the original convict settlers, together with the officers, marines and their families. These people established the first colony in Australia.