What will happen if dc supply given to a single phase ac motor?
The supply will likely short out and fail.
A three phase motor requires a three phase power supply. You can not run a three phase motor on a single phase power supply unless you provide some kind of converter, such as a motor-generator set or an inverter. You might be able to get the motor to rotate on single phase, if you provide starting torque somehow, but you will not get rated power in that configuration.
Shunt motors do operate on single phase AC. There are millions, if not billions of them worldwide running right now. Make certain your voltage supply is correct for your motor. Also, make certain you're providing the proper amperage. Make sure it's not a three phase motor. (three phase motors won't operate on single phase power.) If your supply voltage and amp supply is correct and the motor still doesn't run, you've got a bad motor.