What year did the first space shuttle enter space?
On April 12, 1981 the Space Shuttle Columbia, STS-1, became the
first space shuttle to orbit the Earth. It returned to earth two
days later, and was returned to Kennedy Space Center fourtenn days
after that. For more information on STS-1, visit:
Space Shuttle Columbia launched on mission STS-1 on April 12, 1981. Space Shuttle Columbia launched on mission STS-1 on April 12, 1981.
The 36 year old Space Shuttle Enterprise is housed at the Interprid Sea Air and Space Museum in New York City, the 29 year old Space Shuttle Discovery is at the Smithsonian Air and Space museum in Virginia, the 27 year old Space Shuttle Atlantis is at the Kennedy Space Center Visitor Complex in Florida, and the 21 year old Space Shuttle Endeavour is at the California Science Center in California.
The first functional shuttle ever to be produced was the Columbia in the year 1981. This shuttle was designed and invented by NASA and not by any single person. Plans to invent the Space Shuttle began even before the Apollo Lunar Missions in the year 1969.The main concerns at that point were logistics; how much the shuttle would cost and how it was to be built. Hope this helps.
None. The space shuttle came after the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo projects (Apollo got us to the moon.) The space shuttle was intended to be a freighter of sorts - ferrying materials, satellites and people from Earth's surface to low earth orbit (LEO) and possibly to one or more space stations in geosynchronous orbit. The shuttle was never intended for long distance flights to the moon or further**. They are to be retired next year…
Space Shuttle Challenger (NASA Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-099) was NASA's second Space Shuttle orbiter to be put into service, Columbia being the first. Its maiden flight was on April 4, 1983, and it completed nine missions before breaking apart 73 seconds after the launch of its tenth mission, STS-51-L on January 28, 1986, resulting in the death of all seven crew members.
Scott Kelly is an astronaut. After a career with the Navy, he joined NASA for the Space Shuttle program. He has flown on 2 shuttle flights, the first of which was a servicing mission to the Hubble Space Telescope, and once on a Russian Soyuz rocket. He is also scheduled to take part in a year-long mission to the ISS in 2015-2016.
It wasn't invented overnight. It took many years to come up with a design that worked. Research began even before we landed on the moon in 1969. The shuttle program was formally launched in 1972 and Columbia (designated OV-102), was delivered to Kennedy Space Center in 1979 with the first launch in 1981