Whats the resistivity of copper?

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Resistivity allows us to compare different conductors' abilities to transmit electric current that is independent of the physical dimensions of the conductors.

Resistivity is defined as 'the resistance of a unit length of a substance with a uniform cross-section'. In SI, the unit of measurement of resistivity is the ohm metre; in US customary units, it is expressed in ohm circular mil per foot.

So, to finally answer your question, the resistivity of copper is 17.5x10-9 ohm metres at 20oC. To find the resistance of a copper conductor, you can then use the equation:

resistance = resistivity x (area / length)


Additional Answer
The resistivity of copper depends on the temperature it which it is measured. At 25°C, it is about 17 nΩ.m, or 1.7 µΩ.cm.

The resistance of a conductor is then p * L / A, where p is the above number.
So for a wire with a length of 1 m (i.e. 100 cm), and a cross sectional area of 2 cm², the resistance is 17e-6 * 100 / 2 = 85 µΩ
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