When did Britain settle into Australia?
We need you to answer this question!
Who were the first people to settle Australia?
The indigenous Aborigines were the first to settle in Australia, but they did not "settle Australia" in the sense of building cities and actively seeking to trade with other nations. The first people to officially settle Australia were convicts sent from Britain, and the officers sent to oversee the new colony. Governor Arthur Phillip was the first Governor of New South Wales (Australia). Having said that, however, there is some evidence that the first unofficial European settlers were survivors of Dutch shipwrecks off the western coast of the continent, a region renowned for shipwrecks in the 1600s - again, they settled in Australia but did not settle Australia.
Asked in Australia
Where did the first people from Britain settle in Australia?
Asked in History of Australia, UK History
What is Australia's historical relationship to Britain?
Asked in World War 2, WW2 Allied Powers
How and why did Australia lose Britain as an ally?
Asked in Australia, Seasons
What is the season in Australia when it is autumn in Britain?
What was unique about the first colonists to settle in Australia?
Asked in Australia Politics and Society
Did the Australian government promise that no nazi would ever be allowed to settle in Australia?
Why did Britain settle in Australia?
Britain did not settle in Australia. Britain stayed exactly where it is. British people, on the other hand, did come and settle in Australia. The British decided to colonise and settle in Australia for several reasons: 1. To expand the British empire, and prevent the French from gaining a foothold in the Australian continent or in the southwest Pacific. 2. To solve the problem of Britain's overcrowded prisons (a consequence of the Industrial Revolution) by establishing a new penal colony in a land which showed promise for eventually becoming self-supporting. Britain had been sending their excess prisoners to North America, but the American War of Independence put a stop to the practice. Following this, the English were no longer able to transport surplus prisoners who couldn't legally be executed to North America. 3. Australia could provide commercial and political gains to Britain. 4. Due to war, Britain needed to find an alternative supply of Flax and timber as her Baltic supply was under threat. It was believed that nearby Norfolk Island would provide this. 5. Britain needed a port in the East to promote trade with China and to extend its naval and commercial power. 6. The continent had natural resources which England wanted. The first permanent settlers arrived in Australia with the First Fleet on 26 January 1788 to set up the new penal colony.