When did Europeans arrive in North America?

Leif Eriksson was a Viking who settled briefly in Canada from Greenland. He called the land Vinland. This happened in the year 1000 AD. In 1963, ruins of an 11th-century Viking settlement were discovered at L’Anse-aux-Meadows in northern Newfoundland.

The Vikings sailed from Greenland around 1000 AD. The colony did not last long.

It wasn't until 1513 when de Leon explored the coasts of Florida. Balboa crossed the Isthmus of Panama and discovered the Pacific Ocean. From 1539-1542 Coronado discovered the Grand Canyon and went through the Southwest looking for gold and the Seven Cities of Cibola. About this same time de Soto explored southeastern North America from Florida to the Mississippi River. France also was exploring in 1534 Cartier explored the St. Lawrence River. In 1562 Ribault explored the St. Johns River and in 1608 Champlain explored the areas north. The Dutch in 1609 had Henry Hudson and laid claim to the Hudson River valley.