When did apartheid start?
The South African segregation policy of Apartheid started in 1948.
White rule in South Africa existed long before the official policy of apartheid, with the civil freedom (including the ability to vote) of the African and Indian population being restricted. The system of apartheid (roughly translated as "separateness") was introduced following the election victory in 1948 of the Reformed National Party led by Dr Daniel Francois Malan. Apartheid legislation enforced segregation between the races.