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Montgomery Bus Boycott

When did the US Supreme Court end the Montgomery bus boycott by declaring segregation on public buses unconstitutional?


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March 20, 2011 8:32PM

The case Browder v. Gayle, (1956) challenged the state of Alabama and city of Montgomery's segregation policy on intrastate bus travel that resulted in the 1955-56 Montgomery bus boycott. Although Rosa Parks was not a party to the case, her December 1, 1955, arrest for refusing to allow a white man to take her seat was the catalyst for both the boycott and the Browder case.

The US Supreme Court affirmed the decision of the US District Court for the Middle District of Alabama in the case of Browder v. Gayle, on November 13, 1956, and declared segregation on buses unconstitutional. On December 20, 1956, the city of Montgomery received a court order mandating integration.

Case Citation:

Browder v. Gayle, 352 US 903 (1956)