When was The Gulag Archipelago created?
The Gulag Archipelago was created in 1973.
Who was the soviet dissident who published the gulag archipelago in 1973 an account of life in prison camps?
Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (more commonly known to the Western world simply by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn) published his first volume of The Gulag Archipelago in the West in 1973. In the complete set of three volumes, Solzhenitsyn details the Soviet prison camp system via the stories of his fellow prisoners as well as the author's own story of his time spent in the gulag.
An archipelago is a a group of closely scattered islands. An example of an archipelago is the Galapagos in the Pacific Ocean, west of Ecuador. Another is the Philippines, on the other side of the Pacific. They typically occur where tectonic plates slide across each other and form from volcanic activity. (The term was famously used metaphorically by Nobel Prize winner Alexsandr Solzhenitzin in "The Gulag Archipelago" to describe scattered prison camps in the Soviet…
Its the title of a book by the recently deceased Alexander Solzhenitsyn. The Gulags were slave labour camps in Russia in Stalins time, not dissimilar from Concentration camps. 'A day in the life of Ivan Desinovitch' by Solzhenitsyn will tell you all about it, its not a very long book, but the writing therein is magnificent.
Archipelago is actually a chain of islands, or a cluster of islands. Technically islands that are created through movement of our plates. Before many used Archipelago to refer to the Aegean Islands. Now it is generally used to refer to any island group or to a certain Sea containing a large number of scattered islands.
An archipelago is a geographical series of islands usually formed when a volcanic 'hot spot' beneath the Earth's crust punches out a new island which rises to above sea level. As plate tectonics, or continental drift, slowly moves the island along with the plate. A new island can be created above the hot spot in the same place as the previous island and in this way a string or 'archipelago' is slowly created.