When was the Emancipation Proclamation made?
A preliminary one was issued in September of 1862 that said the final one would go into effect on January 1, 1863 if the rebellion were still going on. Since it was, the official proclamation was issued on that day.
Nobody was "at" Emancipation Proclamation. The Emancipation Proclamation, was a set of 2 executive orders, written and issued by President Lincoln. President Lincoln thought emancipation was justified as a military necessity to preserve the Union. "If the Proclamation of Emancipation was essentially a war measure, it had the desired effect of depriving the Confederacy of much of its valuable laboring force.