When was the fax machine invented?
The FAX machine as we know it is an outgrowth of wire photo machines of 1920's and 1930's. Same principle. After that was weather fax which is also sent by shortwave to ships today. In all these an original drawing (weather map, newspaper, etc. or a B/W photo) was set on a drum. This was sent to spinning and a tightly focused beam of light was aimed at the item at one end. A synchronizing signal (usually based on 60 Hz power line frequency) was sent and then the light was moved down as the drum was spun, using gears that made picture scan in a fixed speed. A TV picture is produced in a similar but much faster method - the lines are painted across screen then moved down and across, etc. by a beam of electrons hitting the florescent screen. On the old style FAX (facsimile transmission) the light reflected off the paper and hit a photo cell. This generated a weak electric signal - more if white area was lit, less if dark area was lit. This was amplified and was caused to modulate at one. This was decoded at end and drove a lamp that was aimed at photo paper or sensitive flimsy thermal paper or a stylus and carbon paper to reproduce the image.
Flat bed scanners of today have the light fixed side to side, but moves down the paper to give best light where the pickup photodiode is scanning at the moment. The paper orig. document is fixed, while the photo cell is moved and scanned. The light/dark areas produce more or less light and this is converted to digital number stream, which then modulates a multi-tone modem and off it goes down the phone line. The earliest FAX like device was developed soon after the vacuum tube was invented and became generally available in the 1920's.
I have read of crude, experimental devices in lab work even earlier. This was just before the earliest crude TV system was developed (separately) by Dr. Lee De Forest (the inventor of the first amplifying vacuum tube - the triode - which enabled the entire electronics world; his last lab assistant was one of my mentors) and Philo Farnsworth out in the High Plains (ND?) in the 20's and early 30's. TV was broadcast in late 30's in a very limited way around NYC and a few large cities just before WW2. Radio, radar and electronics advances in WW2 brought the explosion of TV as we know it in early 50's.
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Actually, the first fax machine was invented in 1842 by Alexander Bain who patented it in 1843. It consisted of a pendulum moving across that created an electric signal to another pendulm in sync with the first one that transmitted the signal to chemically treated paper.
1843 was the year that an image was able to be transmitted over an electronic signal - a similar process to today's fax. By about the time the US civil was was ending, there was an image transmisison service running between Paris and Lyons. The "modern" fax machine was invented in around the mid 1960s by Xerox.
First, "Fax" is simply military shorthand for, "Facsimile (fack-simm-uh-lee). The Scot, Alexander Bain, invented the facsimile machine in the year 1843 using the technology of Samuel F.B. Morse, who had invented the telegraph machine a few years earlier. The first fax machine was created by Alexander Bain, an inventor from Scotland. He received a patent for his invention in 1843, before the telephone was invented. Though this was more than 100 years before it became…
To receive a fax in a fax machine: 1) connect the fax machine to a phone line 2) have the person sending the fax send the fax to the phone/fax line number 3) receive the fax with the fax machine. Most fax machines should be set to automatically receive, however some will need you to press the "ok" or green button when the fax line is ringing.
The first fax machine was invented in 1842 by Alexander Bain. It was patented in 1843. It consisted of a pendulum moving across that created an electric signal to another pendulm in sync with the first that transmitted the signal to chemically thread and paper. Another development was the Hellschreiber, which allowed facsimile messages to be transmitted by radio.
There are many reasons this might happen. Does the fax machine get dial tone, and do you hear ringing and an answer, with a fax tone after the fax machine on the other end answers? If not, then there is either a problem with the telephone line or you have entered the fax number incorrectly. If so, then there may be some other problem with the fax machine.
A fax machine is an independent unit, so it sits on its on and there is nothing that it is installed "into" - the manufacturer is whoever manufactured the fax machine. On a multifunction machine or a computer, there may be a fax board added as opposed to a fax machine. This is an accessory card that adds extra features to the computer or MFP.
I looked this up and the nearest name I came up with was the "copying telegraph." The first fax was invented by Scottish inventor Alexander Bain in 1843. He stated in his patent for his invention "improvements in producing and regulating electric currents and improvements in timepieces and in electric printing and signal telegraphs" In layman's terms a fax machine. Several years earlier Morse had made the first telegraph and the fax machine is from…