When we say a system is a multiprogramming system?
Multiprogramming is collecting several jobs in a job pool and the OS selects the job from the pool so that the CPU has one job to execute , in case of any IO request for the job in execution the CPU switches to another job here switching is less compared to multitasking.So a computer system which allows such type of switching in between jobs is called a multiprogramming system.
Please make note that multitasking is done by user but multiprogramming is done by operating system only.
Advantages of multiprogramming operating system: i) It increases CPU utilization. ii) It decreases total read time needed to execute a job. iii) It maximizes the total job throughput of a computer. Disadvantages of multiprogramming operating system: i) It is fairly sophisticated and more complex ii) A multiprogramming operating system must keep track of all kinds of jobs it is concurrently running.
Mutiprogramming helps increase the CPU utilization to some extent, but if the degree of Multiprogramming is increased above a certain limit (i.e Heavy Multiprogramming) it can lead to Thrashing and thus decrease the CPU utilization drastically. Heavy Multiprogramming may lead to Thrashing, a condition where a system is spending more time Page Faulting (i.e swapping pages in and out of memory) rather than executing them, this leads to deterioration of system performance.
Passive multiprogramming is characterized by event generated interrupts that cause task switching. These events are usually the result of a program-initiated action, such as sending a record to an output device, or dividing by zero. Active multiprogramming is characterized by time generated interrupts that cause task switching. The time interrupt is generated by a system clock monitored by the operating system.
acc. to me,multiprogramming is based on system level and multitasking is based on user level.operating system can execute a program or application once at a time.it means the code related to other applications would be stored in operating systems but it will activate when that particular application is activated by user. acc. to me,multiprogramming is based on system level and multitasking is based on user level.operating system can execute a program or application once at…
In a multiprogramming and time-sharing environment several users share the system simultaneosly This situation can result in various security problems a- What are two such problems b Can you ensure t?
MULTIPROGRAMING .................. The term multiprograming denotes an operating system that,in addtion to supporting multitasking. In multiprograming more than one jobs are active in memory.Within a very small period more than one jobs are executed simultaneously. MULTITASKING ............... In general multiprogramming implies multitasking,but multitasking does not imply multiprogramming. A multitasking operating system is distinguished by its ability to support concurrent execution of two or more active processes. as discussed actually both multitasking and multiprogramming are same…
Multiprograming system is that system in which multiple programs run at same time or simontaniously for example windows xp.in this system does not provide user interaction with the coputer system. But time sharing systemis that provide user interaction with system and user thinks that system is with him all the time.