it is a hydraulic pressure clutch, the servo pushes on the clutch arm around half as much as your foot moves
Clutch is the left foot pedal in European cars.
if u keep your foot on the gas a little it will grind till u come to a complete stop then it will go into gear smoothly not coming to a complete stop before shifting out of reverse
I could be wrong here but are you "kangeroo jumping" as in failing to use the clutch properly when changing gears thus the car lurches, this could be a result of a worn out clutch OR gearbox.
When it's worn out. When it's badly adjusted. When you keep your foot lightly on the clutch pedal.
You can't adjust the clutch. It's a hydraulic system. The best thing to do would be to hire a good mechanic to replace the system. My guess would be that your slave cylinder is bad. That's inside the tranny, behind the clutch plate.
A worn out clutch release bearing would cause a whining sound when you put your foot on the clutch.
A clutch does not go into gear. A clutch engages, Normally if a clutch fails to engage it is because it is worn. with a worn out clutch you are able to start the car in gear without your foot on the clutch and the car wont move. Normally before this happens you will notice what is known as a slipping clutch. A slipping clutch means that the engine is turning faster than it should to keep the car moving while in gear. once this starts to happen it does not take long for the whole show to come to a stand still.
Answer: "Riding the clutch"