Mecca is the capital city of Saudi Arabia's Makkah province, in the historic Hejaz region. It has a population of 1,294,167 (2004 census). The city is located 73 kilometres (45 miles) inland from Jeddah, in the narrow sandy Valley of Abraham, 277 metres (909 ft) above sea level. It is located 80 kilometres (50 miles) from the Red Sea.
The city is revered as the holiest site of Islam, and a pilgrimage to it is required of all able-bodied Muslims who can afford to go, at least once in their lifetime. Muslims regard the al-Masjid al-Haram (The Sacred Mosque) as the holiest place on Earth.
The term 'Mecca' has come into common usage metaphorically to mean any all-important site for any particular group of people, or a main attraction in a certain place or for a group of people, that has a large turnout. In the 1980s the government of Saudi Arabia changed the official English transliteration of the city's name from 'Mecca', as it had been and continues to be commonly spelled by westerners, to 'Makkah'.
Medina or Madina is a city in the Hejaz region of western Saudi Arabia. It currently has a population of +1,300,000 (2006). Madina is located at 24.28? N 39.36? E. Madina was originally known as Yathrib, but later the city's name was changed to Madīna al-Nabī ("city of the prophet") or Al Madīnah al Munawwarah ("the enlightened city" or "the radiant city"), while the short form Madina simply means "city". Madina is the second holiest city of Islam, after Mecca (Makkah).
Both are in Saudi Arabia. Riyadh is the capital city of Saudi Arabia, and Mecca is the capital city of its Makkah province. Medina is a city in western Saudi Arabia. It lies on a fertile plain about 270 miles north of Mecca.
Medina and Mecca are the holiest cities in Islam, the Muslim Religion, and only Muslims may enter there. The Holy Mosque of the Prophet Muhammad, who founded the religion known as Islam, is in Medina. This Muslim house of worship holds Muhammad's tomb. Islam requires every Muslim to make at least one pilgrimage to Mecca if he or she can do so. Most pilgrims who visit Mecca also go to Medina. No one knows when Medina was founded. It was originally called "Yathrib," and the farmers settled there before 200 BC.
Medina is also the name of the river flowing through the middle of the Isle of Wight, off the coast of southern England. Deir el-Medina is also an ancient village in Egypt where the men who worked in the Valley of the Kings lived. Medina is also a suburb in Perth, W. Australia.
Medina and Mecca both are parts of every human , Medina=Mind and Mecca=Body.