Wikipedia has this information: "The 'Sherlock Holmes' name was derived from a pair of cricketers � however some early notes give his name as Sherrinford Holmes. "Holmes" was named after Oliver Wendell Holmes, whom Conan Doyle admired, and an English cricketer named Sherlock." Doyle mentioned he chose the name SHerlock Holmes from a dentist practicing in London at the time. Now I guess I'll have to find a citation.... *heavy sigh*
Sherrinford (or Sherringford) Holmes is crossed out in the original 'Study in Scarlet' manuscript as is Ormond Sacker for Watson. The very first name considered by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle for Holmes was Sheridan Hope, but that name transmogrified into Jefferson Hope for another character in the book.
Conan Doyle's grandfather, John Doyle (1797-1868), was a political cartoonist, caricaturist, painter, and lithographer known by the pen name H. B. whose sons included: James, Richard, Henry, and Charles. James William Edmund Doyle (1822-1892) was an antiquary, illustrator, and uncle of Conan Doyle. Richard "Dickie" Doyle (1824-1883) was an illustrator for, among other publications, Punch magazine and Conan Doyle's uncle. Henry Edward Doyle (1827-1893) was an artist and director of the National Gallery of Ireland and Conan Doyle's uncle. Charles Altamont Doyle (1832-1893) was an artist and the father of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Perhaps this explains this Sherlock Holmes quote from 'The Greek Interpreter': "Art in the blood is liable to take the strangest forms."
I do not believe there is a missing diary of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. There is a novel called 'The Sherlockian' by Graham Moore, which makes this claim, but it is fiction. You might also be thinking of a 'lost' novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle called 'The Narrative of John Smith,' which was published in 2011. The novel was written by Conan Doyle in 1883 when he was a struggling physician/author trying to make a name for himself. Also, published in September 2012 is the diary kept by Conan Doyle on his journey in the arctic as a ship's doctor. Please see the links below.
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