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Where did croissants come from?


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March 23, 2010 7:33AM

The croissant began as the Austrian kipfel, which is documented back as far as the 10th century in Austria (despite a VERY common myth that it was invented during a siege of Vienna by the Turks centuries later). Despite another myth - claiming that Marie-Antoinette then brought it to France - the croissant is not mentioned in France until about the mid-nineteenth century, about ten years after an Austrian officer named August Zang opened a Viennese bakery there and started selling kipfel, which the French bakers, in copying them called "crescents" for their shape - or, in French, "croissants". These croissants were NOT made of puff pastry - the first "croissants beurre" (puff pastry croissants) are mentioned around the start of the twentieth century.