Groundwater is located in aquifers which are layers of rocks
underground that have pores that fill with water that comes from
the above layer called the water table or phreatic surface. Further
below the water table, where the pores are filled with water, is
called the phreatic zone.
Groundwater is located beneath the soil surface. A sustainable
amount of ground water creates an aquifer. The point at which the
soil and rocks become completely saturated is the water table.
Groundwater will flow to the surface naturally. The study of
groundwater is hydrogeology.
Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface
in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of lithologic formations
whereas Surface water is water collecting on the ground or
in a stream, river, lake, wetland, or ocean.
Groundwater contamination occurs when pollutants seep into the
groundwater and cause it to become unsafe and unfit for human use.
They get into the groundwater supplies by simply leaching down into